BEIJING, Oct. 1 (Reuters / EP) –
The Chinese president, Xi Jinping, said on Tuesday that China will continue on the path of peaceful development, but that the military will protect the country's sovereignty and security.
In a brief speech for the 70th anniversary of the People's Republic, Xi has also affirmed that the country must maintain lasting prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao and promote peaceful development in relations with Taiwan.
“No force can affect the status of China or prevent the Chinese people and nation from advancing,” said Xi from the Gate of Heavenly Peace, where Mao Zedong proclaimed the creation of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949 .
The National Day commemorates the foundation of the People's Republic of China, in a speech delivered by Mao Tse Tung on October 1, 1949 after the victory of the Communist Party, led by him, in the civil conflict against the Nationalist Party or Kuomintang, captained by Chiang Kai Shek, who followed World War II. “The Chinese people have stood up,” he proclaimed.
The Communist Party (CCP), founded forty years earlier in a house in the Shanghai district of Xintiandi, was erected as the only party – the Kuomintang went into exile with its followers in Taiwan, the origin of the problems between the continent and the island– , called to govern under Marxist-Leninist postulates, although always with the characteristics of China.
Heir of the forms of the imperial administration, based on the doctrine of Meritocratic civil servants of Confucius, the CCP has 90 million members whose representation is distilled through the Central Committee, with about 400 members, and other internal structures until reaching the seven permanent members of the Politburo.
After the initial phase of construction of the People's Republic and the subsequent purge of the Cultural Revolution, led by Mao, his successor, Deng Xiaoping, undertook the transition of the CPP from a personalist government to a collective one leading to a stage of economic development and opening to the outside that reaches our days with the mandate of Hu Jintao (2003-2013).
In these seven decades, China and the CCP itself have evolved. First they have tolerated and then they have encouraged a consumer society that has cemented and has also fueled the economic prosperity of recent decades, in which the country has grown at a constant pace that has allowed it to position itself as a global power.
At the same time it has maintained political control in a China where economic growth has also meant greater inequality and, therefore, greater discontent and social protest. According to a study by the University of Beijing in 2016, one percent of the Chinese accumulate one third of the country's wealth, while the poorest 25 percent only enjoy one percent of it.