Among them were the party’s former treasurer, Mr. Bárcenas, who was sentenced to 33 years in prison and fined about $51.3 million. Mr. Correa received a 51-year sentence.
Judges also ordered Mr. Rajoy’s party to pay a fine of more than $285,000 for operating the slush fund.
And the court questioned the credibility of Mr. Rajoy’s court testimony.
Attacks from the opposition
In elections in 2015 and 2016, no party received a majority of the vote. Mr. Rajoy was left heading a minority government — with the support of the Ciudadanos Party — and in a precarious position.
Last year, he survived a motion of no confidence led by Podemos, a far-left party. He also came under pressure because of his failure to resolve a territorial conflict in Catalonia.
A week ago, after the corruption convictions, Pedro Sánchez, a Socialist and the main opposition leader, filed a motion for Parliament to vote on the government, citing the scandal.
Once he negotiated the support of several smaller parties, including Basque and Catalan nationalist groups, he had momentum for the no-confidence vote. In the end, 180 members of Parliament backed the motion, 169 voted against it and one abstained.