We are already 126 million people in Mexico

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  • Mexico ranks 11th in population worldwide.
  • We are a total of 126,014,024 people.
  • 51.2% are women and 48.8% are men.
  • The state of Mexico is the most populous federal entity with 16 million inhabitants, while Colima is the least populated with 731,391 inhabitants.

The National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi) has published the results of the 2020 Population and Housing Census, which corresponds to the 2020 Population and Housing Census, which was conducted March 2-27, 2020. Here are the results.


  • The total population in Mexico is 126,014,024 people. Of these, 64 540 634 are women (51.2%) and 61 473 390 men (48.8%). Mexico ranks 11th worldwide below Japan and above Ethiopia, and remains in the same place compared to 2010.
  • In terms of the distribution of population by federal agencies, the most populous units are the state of Mexico with nearly 17 million residents, Mexico City with 9.2 million residents, and Jalisco with 8.3 million residents. In contrast, Campeche, Baja California Sur and Colima are the units with the lowest population with 928,000, 798,000 and 731,000 inhabitants, respectively.
  • The country has seen a gradual aging process even though it is still young. This is reflected in the median age, which has increased from 26 to 29 years in the past decade, meaning that by 2020 half the population will be 29 years old or younger. The aging process is also evident in the population pyramid, which tends to shrink its base as it continues to expand in both the center and the upper part, meaning that the proportion of girls, boys and adolescents has decreased and the proportion of adults and older adults has increased.
We are already 126 million people in Mexico
We are already 126 million people in Mexico


The population born in another country living on Mexican territory is 1,212,252 people, of whom 797,266 (65.8%) were born in the United States of America. In the past five years, 550,085 people lived in Mexico other countries, mostly from the United States, Venezuela, and Colombia.


The 2020 census data shows that there are 20,838,108 people with disabilities, disabilities or problems or mental illnesses in the country, making up 16.5% of the population. Of these, 13,934,448 (11.1%) are people with a certain disability, 6,179,890 (4.9%) are people with disabilities and 1,590,583 (1.3%) have psychological problems or complaints.


From 2000 to 2020, the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write a job decreased by almost 1.5 million people. Specifically, 5.4 million people were registered with this trait in 2010 and there are currently 4,456,431, which is 4.7% of the population aged 15 and over.

According to the results of the census, the average school education of the population aged 15 and over continues to rise. In 2020 it is 9.7 years, one year more than in 2010, this is hardly more than when high school was finished.

Economic characteristics

According to the results of the 2020 census, 62 out of 100 people aged 12 and over are economically active. The economic activity rate is 75.8 for men and 49.0 for women.

The 2020 census shows that in Mexico 37,891,261 people aged 12 and over are in non-economic activity, of whom 43.9% do housework, 34.7% are students, 9.0% are retirees or retirees, and 3.6% are physical or a physical status have mental disabilities that prevent them from working.

Marriage situation

According to the results, for every 100 people aged 12 and over, 35.4 are married, 34.2 are single, 18.3 live under common law and the rest are separated, divorced or widowed. The percentage of the married population decreased by 5.1 percentage points, while the percentage of the population in the Common Law Union increased by 3.9 percentage points compared to 2010.


The 2020 population and housing census makes it possible to know some cultural characteristics of the population. The census questionnaire included a question about religion. Through this usage it is known that in Mexico 77.7% of the population declare themselves to be Catholic and 11.2% to be Protestant or Evangelical Christians, 0.2% declare another religion, 2.5% declare themselves to be believers without religious Affiliation and 8.1% declare themselves without religion.

Place of residence

In terms of the number of occupied private houses, the proportion rose by 6.6 million in the last decade from 28.6 to 35.2 million, which corresponds to an average annual growth rate of 2.2% over the reporting period. Each private household has an average of 3.6 people, an average that has declined over the past two decades, with a value of 4.4 in 2000 and 3.9 in 2010.

Out of 100 inhabited private houses, 96.2 have a cement floor or another covering and only 3.5 have a dirty floor; 96.3 passed water. The 2020 census also shows that 91.1% of inhabited private houses have a television, 87.6% a refrigerator, 87.5% a mobile phone, 72.8% a washing machine, 52.1% an Internet, 46.5% have their own car or truck, 37.6% have a computer, laptop or tablet, and 37.5% have a fixed telephone line.

43.3% of the apartments have pay-TV services, 18.8% have pay-TV films, music or videos or online and 11.5% have a video game console.

The results of the 2020 population and housing census can be viewed on the Inegi website

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