Two United Nations human rights experts have pointed out that the urgency statements made by the United States against other countries not only create serious violations of rights and freedoms but also serve as “an excuse for indefinite sanctions”.
“Emergencies declared by the United States often last years, and in some cases decades, like the sanctions they approve. Instead of being real emergencies, they appear to be excuses to impose indefinite sanctions,” said the one signed by the Special Rapporteur Report the negative effects of coercive measures, Alena Douhan, and the independent human rights and international solidarity expert, Obiora C. Okafor.
Both point out that these White House coercive measures “frequently” violate the rules of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, given that many of the excuses Washington used, such as corruption allegations and alleged human rights abuses in foreigners, “pose no existential risk.” for the United States. “
“In particular, two American laws, the National Emergency Act and the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, are essentially an unrestricted power of the president to exercise far-reaching and highly discretionary powers through emergency declarations and sanctions that violate human rights,” they said.
This week, the President of the United States, Joe Biden, officially announced an extension of the state of emergency covering Venezuela, Russia and Zimbabwe. However, this measure was also carried out in China, Cuba, Haiti, Iran, Nicaragua and Syria.
For example, some of these sanctions deny rights to “people around the world who allegedly take part in certain activities, such as helping with post-conflict reconstruction in Syria”.
According to both rapporteurs’ analysis, “the sanctions approved by the United States on the basis of states of emergency” violate “a broad spectrum of human rights” in these and other countries, including freedom of movement and association, fair trial. that of the presumption of innocence as well as other economic nature and even “the right to life”.
It is for this reason that Douhan and Okafor have urged the United States to “fully and fully comply” with “the commitments” they made in signing the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, with “negative repercussions on the human rights of those affected to avoid “its penalties.