The undersecretary of Prevention and Health Promotion Hugo López-Gatell warned that Mexico will enter the community transmission phase when the period of imported cases ends around March 30.
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This weekend, the Secretary of Public Education of Mexico, Esteban Moctezuma, announced that due to the contingency caused by the Covid-19 coronavirus pandemic, the Easter holidays will be brought forward. Thus, the last day of school will be March 20 and will return to classrooms on April 20.
For his part, the undersecretary of Prevention and Health Promotion Hugo López-Gatell warned that Mexico will enter the community transmission phase of Covid-19 when the period of imported cases ends around March 30.
Given this, what are the phases of the spread of the coronavirus that are contemplated in Mexico?
According to information from the Ministry of Health , the Covid-19 outbreak must go through three stages to be considered an epidemic in the country. Currently Mexico is still in the import phase of the virus, that is, the infections that have occurred originated outside the country's borders.
These are the three stages of coronavirus propagation that the Government of Mexico is considering:
Phase 1: Import of cases
It is a stage with small numbers of infected people who contracted the virus outside the country. There are no strict sanitation measures (such as closing borders or canceling normal activities) except those indicated to prevent the spread, such as reducing physical contact, constant hand washing, supervision of detected cases, disclosure of pertinent information in offices and schools, and being alert to the official media.
Phase 2: Community Transmission
This stage begins when virus contagions begin to be detected among people within the country who have not necessarily had contact with exposed patients outside of Mexico. In this period of local contagion, the number of registered cases tends to increase rapidly and measures are taken such as suspension of classes, implementation of remote work or home office, cancellation of massive events such as concerts and cessation of activities in closed spaces such as cinemas or bars.
It usually arrives between 40 and 50 days after the detection of the first case, but López-Gatell has already said that in the case of the Covid-19 coronavirus, its implementation in Mexico could be advanced.
Phase 3: Epidemiological stage
This stage occurs when the virus affects thousands of people in various locations. Due to their urgency, more drastic health protocols such as generalized quarantine are put in place.
Until Friday, March 13 at night, the official report was of 26 confirmed cases of contagion in the country: 11 in Mexico City; four in Querétaro; three in the State of Mexico; two in Puebla, and one case per state in Chiapas, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, Quintana Roo and Yucatán.
Remember that if you suspect having a Covid-19 infection, you must call the Epidemiological and Health Intelligence Unit (UiES) 800-00-44-800, before going to hospitals. This is to avoid that the affected people have more circulation through the populations since the average time that the coronavirus can last in a person is approximately two weeks.
Image: Ministry of Health
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