MADRID, 10 Jan. –
The US House of Representatives on Thursday approved a resolution to “limit” the military actions of President Donald Trump against Iran after the bombing that killed Iranian General Qasem Soleimani last week.
The vote has come forward with 224 votes in favor against 194 against. Eight Democrats have joined Republicans to oppose the resolution, while three Republicans have voted, instead, in favor.
The resolution must now be voted on in the Senate, since it is what is known as a “concurrent resolution.” This means that it only requires the approval of both chambers and the president does not have to sign it to be effective.
Specifically, the resolution “orders the president to suspend the use of the United States Armed Forces to participate in hostilities in or against Iran or any part of his Government or Army” unless the US Congress has declared war or authorized “specifically” to participate in hostilities, according to the text, which the CBS television network has collected.
In addition, the text authorizes the use of the Armed Forces if it is “necessary or appropriate to defend against an imminent armed attack against the United States”, but not in any other case.
The resolution passed Thursday is in accordance with a section of the War Powers Resolution, originally adopted to restrict the powers of former President Richard Nixon at the end of the Vietnam War.
The law, of 1973, establishes that any force involved in hostilities outside the United States “will be dismissed by the president if Congress so orders by a concurrent resolution.”
After the attack on Soleimani, the president of the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, denounced that Trump had carried out the operation without prior authorization and without consulting Congress.
Before the vote, Pelosi has indicated that he does not believe that the country “is safer” after the “provocative” and “disproportionate” bombing that ended Soleimani's life.
Pelosi herself said on Saturday that the data presented to Congress by the White House on the attack that ended the life of Soleimani, head of the Quds Force of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, pose “more questions than answers.”
“The document raises serious and urgent questions about the timing, form and justification of the administration to face hostilities with Iran,” said Pelosi, regarding the notification of the beginning of hostilities with Iran.
In this regard, he said that the “unusual” decision to classify this document as a whole aggravates his concerns and suggests that Congress and the Americans “are left aside” in relation to national security.
Pelosi also warned that the Trump Administration, with its “provocative and disproportionate military commitment,” continues to “endanger” diplomats, US citizens and their allies.
“As president of the House of Representatives, I reiterate my call to the Administration for a complete and immediate briefing on the military commitment to Iran and the next steps to be taken,” he settled.
For his part, the leader of the majority of the House of Representatives, Steny Hoyer, has stated before the vote that the agency must “use this tool of Congress, tool of the power of Congress, or with our silence we will consent to the growth of the imperial presidency. ”
Trump had already expressed his desire that all Republicans in the House of Representatives vote against the resolution. “I hope all Republicans in the House of Representatives will vote against the Crazy Powers Resolution (crazy) Nancy Pelosi,” he said through his Twitter account.
Soleimani died along with 'number two' of the Popular Mobilization Forces (FMP), Abu Mahdi al Muhandis, and several Iraqi militiamen, after which Tehran promised he would take revenge for the attack.
In response to the death of Soleimani, Iran attacked two military bases located in Iraq on missiles on which American soldiers are deployed on Wednesday, in which Iran's supreme leader, Ali Jamenei, described Washington as a “slap”.
Trump said hours later that the attacks have ended without casualties, although a person in charge of the Revolutionary Guards of Iran said that they have killed at least 80 US military personnel.
For their part, the Iraqi authorities strongly criticized the bombing against Soleimani and the parliament on Sunday approved a motion that demands the expulsion of US troops from the country and forces the government to commit to making public any agreement that it reaches in the future for the presence of foreign military advisers and trainers.
During the day on Monday, the Iraqi Executive limited the activities of the international coalition and reduced them to training and advisory work, prohibiting their movements by land and air.
This same Thursday, the coalition against the Islamic State has announced a “pause” of its military operations in Iraq, given the increase in tensions in the country and the region.