The United Nations Special Envoy for Syria, Geir Pedersen, reiterated that the lack of progress in the Syrian Constitutional Committee meetings last week was “a disappointment”, although he stressed that these efforts “, if carried out properly, can create some confidence.” “. . “
The panel, made up of 45 representatives from government, opposition and civil society, ended its sessions without being able to agree on a draft for the new Magna Carta as part of efforts to find a political solution that unleashed the end of the war . in 2011.
Pedersen stressed that the meetings were “open” and “open”, revealing that “it was agreed how the chapters would be selected”, although he regretted that “it was not possible to rely on a mechanism for progress in the Discussions for a few days lately “.
“At that meeting, the government-nominated delegation said that it did not need to revise its draft constitution and that it did not see any common points,” he said, adding that opposition delegations and civil society have “presented revised” constitutional texts and pledged assurances that they were looking for something in common after the recent discussions.
He stressed that “it is the first time all delegations have presented draft constitution”, although he stressed that “there was no further progress” without an agreement on dates or a commitment to two more meetings before the end of the year to deal with the matter.
“For these reasons, I consider the results, and especially the discussions of the last day, to be disappointing,” said Pedersen, who called for the Constitutional Committee “to continue its work with urgency and determination”. “We need a mutual agreement on the working mechanism to help the Constitutional Committee carry out its mandate and we need to set the dates for the next meetings,” he argued.
In this way, the UN envoy was “convinced” that “progress in the Constitutional Committee, if carried out correctly, could help to build trust”. “This requires real determination and the political will to create common ground,” he said.
Pedersen stated that “the current course of events in Syria is deeply worrying” and advocated “breaking this dynamic”. “We need constructive diplomacy that will help save lives, alleviate suffering, promote stability and advance the implementation of Resolution 2254.”
On the other hand, he stressed that on the sidelines of these meetings with the guarantors of the Astana process – Russia, Iran and Turkey – he had discussed the need for an “accelerated collective effort on the key issue of detainees, kidnappings and missing persons”. in the context of the conflict in the country.
“I would like to emphasize that in this difficult work we do not lose sight of the deep suffering of the Syrian people in all its dimensions. While our efforts in Geneva were ongoing, the violence on the ground in Syria continued saw terrorist attacks, bombings and artillery attacks that left casualties, including dozens of civilians, “he said.
In doing so, he said that “some of these incidents reflect the ongoing risks of regional escalation” and stressed that “the violence must stop”. “I continue to demand something from the national fire and underline that the obligations of humanitarian law to protect the civilian population and civil infrastructure must be respected,” he emphasized.
Pedersen recalled that the “grave humanitarian situation” in Syria has resulted in “more than twelve million people being displaced as refugees or internally displaced persons” and that “the poverty rate is around 90 percent”, which the international community has urged to work on taking steps that are “realistically and precisely defined”.