As the conflict escalates and the recent progress made by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Tigray (TPLF) in the north of the country, the United Nations Security Council will meet this Friday to discuss the situation in Ethiopia.
At the request of Mexico, the 15-member council is planning a meeting in New York at 3:00 p.m. (local time), which will take place partly publicly and partly behind closed doors, diplomatic sources confirmed to the DPA on Thursday.
The Security Council is also preparing a joint statement, although Russia has asked for more time to deliberate.
On the other hand, UN General Secretariat spokesman Eri Kaneko reported at a press conference this Thursday that Secretary António Guterres had spoken to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in order to “offer his good offices and create the conditions for a dialogue that ends the struggle . “
In the appeal, which took place on Wednesday, Guterres spoke with the Prime Minister about the visit of UN Emergency Aid Coordinator Martin Griffiths to Ethiopia to “guarantee humanitarian aid to those who urgently need help to save lives”.
In fact, Griffiths will be there from Friday to “talk to the relevant stakeholders,” emphasized Kaneko.
The Ethiopian House of Representatives approved the government-ordered state of emergency on Thursday, which on Tuesday called on citizens to arm themselves and protect neighborhoods from the advance of the rebels.
These decisions come after the TPLF’s advances in Amhara and the group’s confirmed contacts with the rebel group Oromo Liberation Army (OLA), a splinter of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) following the 2018 peace agreement, which has also launched offensives in the Oromia region. which threatens an expansion of the conflict at the national level.
A joint investigation by the United Nations and the Ethiopian Commission on Human Rights (EHRC) published on Wednesday provided “reasonable grounds” for believing that all parties to the conflict in Tigray have committed human rights and human rights abuses, some of which are war crimes and crimes against humanity could.
The conflict began on November 4, 2020 when, after months of tension between the TPLF and the central government over postponing the congresses, Abiy finally ordered a military offensive in retaliation for the attack on the army base in the capital Tigray, Mekelle, which took place in June and which took place in June Abiy achieved a landslide victory due to the uncertainty despite calls for boycotts and a lack of coordination in several areas – including Tigray.
However, the TPLF made important strides in June that enabled it to retake Mekelle, whereupon Abiy, citing humanitarian grounds, announced a unilateral ceasefire that was rejected by the group, which extended its offensive to the adjoining Amhara and Afar regions, which one The war spread to the rest of the country.