The United Nations Security Council reported this Wednesday that the “security situation in Afghanistan is more tense and challenging than ever in recent history,” according to a report that assesses the period between May 2020 and last April on the basis of the Doha Agreement the withdrawal of troops from the United States and the country’s allies.
The Council made it clear that “it is difficult to predict how the conflict will develop in the remainder of 2021” as “the Taliban’s embassies remain inflexible and show no signs of a reduction in the level of violence”.
“It seems that the Taliban intend to further strengthen their military position as a negotiating instrument,” they assured the council, influencing that “they are responsible for the vast majority of the selective killings that are characteristic of the violence in Afghanistan “.” They appear to have been carried out with the aim of weakening government capacities and intimidating civil society, “they added in a statement.
You also mentioned that despite being “the Taliban’s greatest source of income”, drug production and trafficking is not being addressed.
On the other hand, they have recalled that an important part of the leaders of al-Qaeda live in the border region between Afghanistan and Pakistan and they have mentioned that they have suffered wear and tear in recent months. However, they have claimed that “the links between the two groups remain close based on ideological leanings”.
UN Secretary-General’s spokesman Stephane Dujarric reported Wednesday that the fighting and attacks in Afghanistan had spread to new areas and more than 100,000 people were displaced.
“In 2021, almost 116,000 people were displaced by the conflict in Afghanistan, while around 5 million people have been forced to flee for longer periods since 2012,” he said at a press conference and called the “serious” material damage.
Regarding the possibility of progress in the negotiations with the repeatedly postponed holding of the Istanbul conference, Dujarric could only state that the cooperation with the parties will continue and that the personal envoy for Afghanistan and regional affairs, Jean Arnault, “is stepping up his commitment” and a trip to the region is expected.
In light of the data, the UN urged the parties “to better protect the civilian population and civil infrastructure” and the international community to fund the conflict response plan.
Afghanistan has plunged into an increase in violence despite the peace talks between the government and the Taliban that began in the Qatari capital Doha in September and the withdrawal of international troops from the country.
In this context, the Taliban have made territorial gains in recent months, raising concerns about the possible inadequate capacity of the Afghan security forces to use to their advantage in peace negotiations.