51 years ago he brought us to the moon. This agency’s efforts are the best example of human entrepreneurship.
The POT is the space agency that made us 51 years ago moon and while she is no longer the only one exploring space, she has been responsible for much of the dream of conquering space in recent decades.
The National Aerospace Agency (POT, for its acronym in English), the U.S. government agency is responsible for Space program and the aeronautical research of this country. It was founded on July 29, 1958, but only started operating on October 1 of this year. Since then it has been one of his most iconic moments Trips to the moon and shipping of probes and shuttles.
Here are the 10 best-known achievements of NASA:
1) Explorer 1, the first artificial satellite from the West (1958)
America’s first artificial satellite was a reaction to the Soviets sputnik I and sputnik II, and with that the space race between the Americans and the Russians really started. Thanks to this 203 cm long and 15.9 cm wide device, it was discovered that the earth was surrounded by cosmic rays. He was in space for 12 years and orbited the Earth about 58,000 times.
2) Alan Shepard reaches space (1961)
History will always remember that the Russian Yuri Gagarin He was the first man to make an orbital flight, but 3 weeks later the American astronaut Alan Shepard did the same on the ship Mercury Redstone 3
3) Apollo program (1960s)
This initiative was responsible for the human being flying over and later stepping on the moon. The program started after the President’s announcement John F. Kennedy in which he declared that they would take a man to the satellite. It was with him Apollo 11 that this promise was fulfilled in 1969 when Neil Armstrong he said the immortal words: “A small step for man, a big leap for humanity.”
4) Apollo 13: Successful Failure (1970)
This mission wanted to take the man to the moon for the third time, but a failure of the oxygen tank posed a major threat to the ship. Thanks to the astronaut’s expertise James A. Lovell and his companions as well as the genius of the men of Mission control on earth, Apollo 13 could return home.
5) Pioneer 10, our big “hello” to the universe (1972)
It is a spacecraft that left Earth on March 2, 1972. It is the first spaceship to cross and reach the asteroid belt Jupiter. He carries a badge that informs everyone extraterrestrial intelligence that could find out where it came from and how we humans are. The last signal detected by this probe was recorded in 2003. The star is currently speaking Aldebaran, in the bull constellation.
6) Space Shuttles (1972)
This program was born when NASA tried to cut costs because the Apollo program ships could only be used once. President Richard Nixon wanted a vehicle that could withstand “infinite” space travel. Therefore, NASA engineers had to develop a spaceship that can withstand the heat input and output from Earth. It took 9 years to Spacecraft Columbia started its service for more than 2 decades. Unfortunately, it disintegrated on its last outing and claimed the lives of 7 crew members.
7) Hubble Space Telescope (1990)
Before Hubble, the images we had of space were the product of ground-based telescopes. NASA has decided to remove one of these devices from the planet to take sharper pictures of the universe. Thanks to regular maintenance, Hubble remains active.
8) Mars Missions: Visiting Your Neighbors (1997)
The Red Planet has been a clear target for NASA for decades. The missions Mars Exploration Rover They have expanded our knowledge of Mars and discovered that human exploration could be possible. The robots ghost and opportunity You were part of this mission.
9) Chandra, X-ray telescope (1999)
This telescope examines X-rays that the eyes cannot see due to fluctuations in energy and generates images. It is more sensitive than Hubble because it is 200 times higher. It was the heaviest burden Spacecraft Columbia Put it in orbit.
10) Life on the International Space Station (Present)
NASA and other agencies are investigating what humans need to resist long-term space exploration. International space station. In a turn to the space race, the Russians Sergei Krikalev and Yuri Gidzenko as well as the American William Shepherd were the first crew.
What other lessons can you find in human race to conquer space?