Since they came to power, the Taliban have been practicing “gender apartheid”, which hinders women’s fundamental rights and denies them access to their needs, which clearly violates the group’s promises and commitments when he stormed the Afghan capital to the two months ago To regain power in an Afghanistan that is “on the verge of collapse”.
Despite the repeated promises the Taliban have made regarding inclusion since it came to power, the international community has agreed to make the group’s lack of plurality in its newly formed cabinet too ugly.
In this context, Fauzia Kufi, the first woman to be appointed vice-president of the Afghan parliament and one of the representatives of the Afghan government in the Doha peace negotiations, warned in an interview with Europa Press that “if there is no inclusive administration” The reality is that stability is impossible and one way or another the war will go on.
“Afghanistan is a diverse society with different ethnic groups, religious minorities and women,” so that “no particular group can govern the country without inclusion and representation and meaningful representation,” he said after the Taliban defended their government Cabinet is “inclusive”.
With that in mind, former MP Nahid Farid warned that the Taliban “have not changed, they continue with the same level of atrocities,” but warns that they have changed some things for image reasons. His PR team is “better than it was 20 years ago,” promising inclusion or, for example, having established a policy of non-action against foreign citizens, he added.
“On August 15, when the Taliban came to power, they said many right things, such as allowing women to return to work, going to school, promising inclusive government and giving a general amnesty.” “Unfortunately” the words were not translated into action because “shortly after the atrocities against women began”, Kufi riveted.
The fall of Kabul did not happen on August 15, when the Taliban entered the Afghan capital, but “began many years ago,” says Kufi, referring to the signing of an agreement between the USA and the Islamist group. Without any involvement of the Afghan community, politicians, civil society or women’s groups. “
At that time the Taliban were already calling themselves an “emirate” and were acting as a “replacement for the Afghan republican system”, so they were “victorious”, although in the first round of talks in which Kufi took part – – 2019 in Moscow – they were ” more moderate “with the intention of” getting international support “. But “when the real negotiations began”, they already felt “powerful”.
After the long-awaited peace process, the steep and chaotic fall of Kabul could have been handled differently, both policies coincide. “President (American Joe) Biden’s announcement that the troops would be withdrawn could have been handled correctly. We are not asking that the American troops stay forever, but we are calling for their departure from the country to be properly managed, “lamented the former Vice-President of Parliament.
“Unfortunately, the fall of Kabul happened in a situation that neither of us could foresee because we thought Afghanistan would survive this whole situation,” said Farid, reminding of the way MPs, including them, left “very difficult “To warn Washington and the United Nations that Afghanistan is” on the verge of collapse “.
Ultimately, the much feared fall of the capital came amid a number of factors including the “hasty withdrawal of US forces” and the signing of the Doha Accords, which gave them “legitimacy and international recognition” for the people and security forces of Afghanistan , says Farid.
“The responsibility rests with the United States as well as the international community and the Afghan government that they did not understand the situation and did not heed our warnings sufficiently,” the former MP spoiled what she believes is “really unfortunate.” that after 30 years, “Afghanistan is still at the stage of asking the world for humanitarian aid and money to prevent food insecurity” rather than “addressing much more serious problems of development, freedom and progress”.
Another major challenge for the international Taliban-Afghanistan community is humanitarian aid and the continuation of aid without this becoming a legitimation for the regime. In this context, Kufi believes that there are “many ways” to help the country further “without strengthening it”, such as promoting private sector responsibility, for example banks.
“The people in Afghanistan are in a very serious situation, unfortunately poverty is everywhere, we have 35 million people who are not paid, some of them don’t even have $ 10 a day, so humanitarian aid is important,” he said before insisting that this aid “must be channeled through women primarily”. “They have to be consulted, they have to be involved.”
In return, Farid explained, the international community has two “levers” to exert pressure on the Taliban, on the one hand humanitarian aid, which must be based on the promise to guarantee an inclusive government and guarantee the rights of women and minorities , something which, on the other hand, will also be decisive for the “legitimacy” sought by the Taliban.
“We don’t have enough time, we are on the verge of a catastrophe due to the security and humanitarian situation,” warned the former member of the Bundestag.
However, the Taliban’s return to power “will not end the democratic and peace-making dynamics that Afghanistan has experienced,” said Kufi, who stressed that it is “an empowered nation” that ranks the group with a “transformed generation” the only way they can be beaten. “When you fight your way through civic obedience, they don’t know how to deal with it, so when the women protested on the street they were confused and didn’t know how to deal with it, how to deal with a changed nation . “
Kufi, who also wanted to thank the Spanish government for their work in evacuating many Afghan women, plans to return to her country, knowing it will be difficult and risky. Farid is also determined to return to his country because she believes she was elected to parliament because “the Afghan people wanted me to represent them, not the Taliban”.
“Instead of remaining silent after the Taliban shut the doors of parliament, I will return at this time of greatest need because it is my country and I will regain the freedom that they have taken from me and my generation. ” he added. Farid, who is hoping for a future in Afghanistan.