The Sudanese government and the country’s main armed groups signed the historic peace agreement this Saturday in the southern Sudanese capital, Juba, which officially ended almost 17 years of conflict in the country.
A full year of negotiations, sponsored by South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir, has resulted in the signing of the pact between the government and more than ten armed movements from Darfur, South Kordofan and the Blue Nile, including such prominent groups as the Liberation Movement. of the Sudanese people (SPLM-Nord), by Malik Agar and Yasir Arman or the SLM (Sudan Liberation Army) by Minni Minawi.
According to the main basis of the text, the armed groups must be dismantled in exchange for participation in the government and the integration of the combatants into the regular army. The agreement also addresses issues of security and justice, including the creation of a special court to prosecute crimes committed in Darfur, according to the official Sudanese news agency SUNA.
However, the success is not complete. The alliance of the signatories of armed groups, the so-called Sudan Revolutionary Front (RSF), did not consider two important factions: that of the Sudanese people’s liberation movement led by Abdulaziz al Hilu (SPLM-N Al Hilu) and that of the Sudan liberation movement of Abdeluahid el Nur (SLM -AW). The head of the South Sudanese negotiations, Tut Gatluak, has expressed his wish that these two factions could one day join the agreements.