With the onset of the pandemic, Venezuelan migrants are facing a “dramatic loss of income,” with 83 percent of refugees unable to cover their food being forced to limit their daily meals while 71 percent are unable to meet rent, leading to an increase in street population leads.
These are some of the conclusions from the report presented this Thursday by the World Vision organization that identified Venezuelan migrants from 171 displaced households in Colombia, Peru, Brazil and Venezuela, with an average of five members per household, in an investigation conducted on May that investigated the consequences of the Coronavirus pandemic has confirmed in these communities.
There are currently approximately 5.6 million Venezuelan migrants following a “perfect storm” that meant “the violent clash of a long-ignored humanitarian crisis with the worst pandemic our population has seen,” lamented the leader of World Vision for America Caribbean , Joao Diniz.
In this context, Colombia and Peru are the countries where this loss of income is most pronounced, while these economic effects have been more dramatic for women in all countries.
The report’s conclusions show that in order to cope with this loss of income, migrants have been forced to reduce their meals, even to just one a day, while forcing them to avail of the humanitarian aid and assistance offered by migrants yet there are nations who haven’t even thought about humanitarian programs, like Colombia and Peru.
In addition, in Colombia half of migrants say they slept on the street because they cannot pay rent, compared to 79 percent in northern Ecuador.
It has also led to an increase in xenophobia and discrimination as migrants are accused of introducing COVID-19 in host countries, a consequence that has been particularly evident in Peru, with 46 percent of respondents asserting that they are because of their migrant personal attacks are given status.
An increase in delays in processing refugee documents was also noted, with Peru also leading this episode with 10 percent, followed by Colombia with 9 percent.
The 2021 report, compared to figures from last year’s analysis, highlighted that mental health is an issue for Venezuelan migrant families in relation to their minors.
Specifically, 77 percent found a negative impact on the psychological well-being of their children, while 40 percent named depression trends and 30 percent an increase in stress and an increase in violence.
In addition, mental health services have declined by 26 percent and only 4 percent of the funds required have been raised to help migrants and internally displaced persons.
Other concerns for children are limited food – 51 percent -, early school leaving – 16 percent – and abuse, neglect and exploitation – 11 percent.
The arrival of the pandemic had a major impact on migrant communities, not just economic and social conditions, but also access to vaccines for the disease, which World Vision has denounced as “they do not reach the populations most in need. and the living conditions of migrants put them at greater risk, “denounced the technical director, the funding and external involvement of World Vision.
Of those surveyed for this study, 20 percent believe they are not eligible for vaccination because of their refugee status, while 66 percent had no information about vaccination schedules for their communities.
Because “there is no information specially created for them, while most have no access to the media or in many cases to the Internet”, which means that 22 percent do not receive regular information about COVID-19, as protocols and measures of the sanitary Security.
Finally, among the worrying results is that 40 percent do not know if they will be vaccinated and 44 percent have never heard of vaccines “not even that they exist”.
Given the lack of information and access to vaccinations, World Vision has worked closely with the religious leaders of the communities who have a high level of credibility “that there is no other part of the world” than in the case of Brazil at 78 percent and in Colombia rise to 67 percent.