The self-proclaimed “president in charge” of Venezuela, Juan Guaidó – Juan Carlos Hernandez / ZUMA Wire / DPA
Guaidó thanks the regional support and the Government of Maduro speaks of “infamous decision”
The states parties to the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (TIAR), a regional agreement that contains a collective defense clause, have decided on Wednesday to convene the consultation body to analyze the situation in Venezuela.
The vote, which has been carried out within the framework of the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS), has been resolved with twelve votes in favor of convening the consultation body and setting a meeting for the second half of September Foreign ministers of the states parties.
Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, the United States, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Paraguay and the Dominican Republic, as well as Venezuela – represented by the emissaries of the self-proclaimed “president in charge”, Juan Guaidó – have voted in favor, while Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Panama and Peru have abstained and Bahamas has been absent.
These twelve countries have also agreed to inform the United Nations Security Council of this decision and “of all activities related to this matter”.
The convening of the consultation body is the first step to activate the TIAR, which includes a wide range of diplomatic and economic measures before reaching the last resort: the use of armed force.
The TIAR, baptized as the Rio Treaty, contains a kind of collective defense clause that would allow the other signatory countries to act in case of an assault against one of them.
The Government of then President Hugo Chávez ordered in 2012 the withdrawal of Venezuela from the TIAR, at the same time as Ecuador, Bolivia and Nicaragua, but in July the National Assembly led by Guaidó ordered the reintegration of the country into the treaty in July.
“We appreciate the majority support of the OAS countries,” Guaidó reacted on Twitter, while asking other countries to “assess the crisis Venezuelans suffer and their solutions.”
The Venezuelan Foreign Ministry, on the other hand, has “categorically rejected” the “infamous decision” of “a small group of governments in the region that, aligned with the interests of the US supremacist government, invoked the activation of a disastrous instrument of the history of our continent as is the case of the TIAR “.
“It is necessary to remember that the TIAR was imposed on our region by the United States in the framework of the Cold War and its purpose was to legitimize military interventions in Latin America for ideological reasons. This happened in Guatemala in 1954, in Cuba in 1961, in the Republic Dominican in 1965, in Granada in 1983 and in Panama in 1989, “he said.
In addition, he has denounced that “when there was a real aggression of an extra continental power against a Latin American country, as is the case of Argentina in 1982 by the United Kingdom, the United States betrayed the continent and obviated its activation, aligning with its partner NATO. ”
“It is painful that countries that were invaded by US troops and whose villages were massacred in application of the TIAR today endorse a similar crime against a sister country, in a session of the OAS Permanent Council clearly iridescent and void. It will be History and the people of the Patria Grande who are responsible for judging this unworthy attitude, “he said.
The department headed by Jorga Arreaza has also recalled that, since Venezuela left TIAR, the Government of Nicolás Maduro “does not accept or recognize any obligation arising from this treaty”, while ratifying its adherence to the Charter of the United Nations and to International Law.
Thus, things have made “a sense called on the countries and peoples of the region to firmly reject the claims of this small group of countries that from within the Organization of American States threaten the peace and integrity of Venezuela and the entire country. continent”.
The political crisis in Venezuela that worsened on January 10, when Maduro decided to start a second six-year term that neither the opposition nor much of the international community recognizes because they consider the 2018 presidential elections to be a fraud.
In response, Guaidó proclaimed himself interim president on January 23 with the aim of ceasing “usurpation”, creating a transitional government and holding “free elections.” It has been recognized by the United States, numerous Latin American countries, as well as several Europeans, including Spain.
Meanwhile, more than four million Venezuelans have left the country in recent years because of the humanitarian crisis in the Caribbean nation. The UN warns that, if the trend continues, by the end of 2019 they could add more than five million.