Dialogue table in Ecuador. – UN
CONAIE insists that the Interior and Defense Ministers must leave their positions
The Government of Ecuador and the indigenous movement have reached an agreement on Sunday that puts an end to eleven uninterrupted days of protests that had plunged the Latin American country into one of the biggest crises of recent decades.
This agreement establishes a new decree that leaves without effect number 883, which contemplated the controversial elimination of fuel subsidies, which allows the installation of a commission that will draw up a new decree and of which government and indigenous representatives will be part of the UN mediation and the Ecuadorian Episcopal Conference.
Arnauld Peral, of the United Nations representation in Ecuador, has confirmed that indigenous leaders have agreed to call off the protests that began more than a week ago against the so-called 'package' of the Government, an economic adjustment demanded by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
“The mobilizations and de facto measures are over all over Ecuador. We are committed to restoring peace throughout the country,” said Peral, who has participated in the dialogue as a mediator.
After a long break of two hours in which the groups that attended the dialogue withdrew to reflect, the parties returned to the meeting and managed to reach an agreement.
“A solution for peace and for the country: the Government will replace decree 883 with a new one that contains mechanisms to focus resources on those who need them most. Peace is recovered and the correist coup and impunity stop!”, Moreno said that during the break he stressed that the “yearning for peace is stronger than the differences.”
Juan Sebastián Roldán, private secretary of the President, has affirmed that “it is time to understand that giving in is not losing and here we are all yielding, because today we stay here drafting a new decree.”
The president of the Ecuadorian National Assembly, César Litardo, stressed that it was possible to “build the peace that the country so longed for” and has guaranteed that they will be “vigilant so that the agreements are fulfilled” and that “they will deal urgently with the draft law when I arrive at the Assembly. ”
Mediators have expressed that they are ready to immediately start drafting the new decree, which will replace the one that eliminated the subsidy for gasoline and diesel and that has caused the wave of disturbances.
The president of the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE), Jaime Vargas, who has insisted at all times on the need to repeal – not to modify – the decree, has ended the mobilizations but has again requested the Resignation of Interior Minister María Paula Romo and Defense Minister Oswaldo Jarrín.
The three points of the agreement are: the drafting of a new decree that will replace 883, the installation of a commission that will prepare the new document and the end of mobilizations and “de facto measures” throughout Ecuador, as reported by the local newspaper 'The universe'.
The Interior Minister, meanwhile, stressed that the idea that “sectors with antagonistic positions choose the path of peace, will clearly identify those who took advantage of the moment for chaos and destabilization” and has promised that there will be ” zero impunity. ” He also thanked the Ecuadorian Police, which has faced “with professionalism on very difficult days.”
After hearing the news, the indigenous people gathered in the Agora of the House of Culture have concluded the agreement.
During the talks, which began almost three hours late, Moreno has raised the possibility of creating a commission to modify the decree that includes the elimination of fuel subsidies, an issue that was rejected by the natives.
The leader has insisted on proposing a “new decree, perfected, to channel resources to those who need it most.” For this he stressed the importance of creating commissions and reiterated that he would not talk “with the correistas, who stole the homeland.”
The Comptroller General of Ecuador, Pablo Celi, who also chairs the Transparency Function, has applauded the dialogue space as the legitimate mechanism to resolve the conflict and stressed President Moreno's proposal to initiate a process to create a new decree.
Meanwhile, Finance Minister Richard Martinez has warned that the subsidies “end up benefiting the smugglers and the richest” and has affirmed that the decision “seeks to redirect the country.” ”
However, Vargas has stressed that they had not “come for commissions” and reiterated that “the request of the country is the repeal of decree 883”, which responds to what is known as 'package'. “It is in your hands, Mr. President, to recover the country. We have under our responsibility the dignity of a country that recognizes us as its legitimate interlocutor. We are not going to negotiate that dignity, we are not going to negotiate our fallen ones!” Vargas said in his appearance at the dialogue table.
“Here we do not come to form commissions. The request of the country is the repeal of decree 883. If this moment is decided, the country calms down in all the territories of the country,” he said.
The president of the Council of Indigenous Peoples and Evangelical Organizations of Ecuador (FEINE), Eustaquio Toala, Abelardo Granda, of the National Confederation of Peasant, Indigenous and Black Organizations (FENOCIN), the indigenous leader Leonidas Iza, who stressed the need for peace, and Sarayaku leader Miriam Cisneros, who has also requested the repeal.
At the insistence of the indigenous people, who have maintained at all times that decree 883 “has no fiscal justification and is not linked to any public investment strategy,” the Ecuadorian leader has yielded.
“The principle of you is the well-being of your people and that's fine, because it's a principle that we all have. What I won't give up is that the money is still taken by the rich and the traffickers of diesel and gasoline. I won't give that up! “said Moreno, who specified that” that money should be for irrigation projects, for the provision of machinery, equipment, supplies, pesticides, fungicides, seeds and fertilizers that allow the field to develop “.
“In that we completely agree, and not only do we agree, the commission will quickly find the points to make it a happy reality,” he said in relation to the next decree.
Thus, he has taken the opportunity to thank all those who “have supported the project, a decree aimed at improving the living conditions of all Ecuadorians”, and has sent “a fraternal hug to all Ecuadorians.” “I thank the negotiators who have done an excellent job,” he added.
CONAIE, on the other hand, has also thanked the Ecuadorian people “for solidarity, commitment, unity and unconditional support to the indigenous movement and social movements in these days of resistance.”
In this sense, the indigenous people have once again rejected an “excessive use of violence against the people” and have insisted that the “detained, disappeared, tortured and murdered in these days must be fully repaired by the State, which he must amnesty them and assume his commitment to never again use any form of violence against the population. ”
Despite the end of the protests – which have resulted in at least seven deaths, 1,340 injured and 1,152 detainees – the Ministry of Education has reported that academic activities continue to be suspended throughout the country except for Galapagos until new notice.