VIENNA, Nov. 11 (Reuters / EP) –
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has confirmed on Monday that Iran has started enriching uranium at the Fordow plant, less than a week after Tehran announced the resumption of its activities at the facilities.
In its quarterly report, the agency has stressed that enriched uranium reserves and the purity to which the refining is carried out are above the terms set in the agreement signed in 2015.
He also added that the Iranian authorities are carrying out these enrichment tasks with more advanced centrifuges, in addition to their work in Fordow, something that was also prohibited by the pact.
The Iranian authorities confirmed on Thursday the restart of their uranium enrichment work in Fordow after injecting gas into the centrifuges, after “the preparations have been completed successfully.”
Hours later, the spokesman of the Organization for Atomic Energy of Iran (OEAI), Behruz Kamalvandi, said that once they complete their work in Fordow, the level of uranium enrichment will reach what the country had before the signing of the agreement nuclear.
The 2015 nuclear agreement prohibits the use of nuclear material in Fordow and, with the injection of uranium gas into its centrifuges, the plant has abandoned its status as a research center to become an active nuclear facility.
The Islamic Republic agreed in 2015 to convert Fordow into a “nuclear, physical and technology center” in which 1,044 centrifuges would be used for purposes other than enrichment, such as the stable production of isotopes, which have a wide variety of civil uses.
In 2018, the president of the United States, Donald Trump, decided that his country would abandon the nuclear agreement signed in July 2015 and reactivated the sanctions against Tehran, especially against the oil sector.
After the United States left, the Islamic Republic called on the rest of the signatory countries to focus their efforts on ensuring compliance with the pact in relation to trade relations with Iran and subsequently announced that it would abandon the nuclear commitments envisaged in the pact when considering that the other parties did not cover the absence of the United States.
The nuclear agreement established that the level of purity to which Iran could enrich uranium would be a maximum of 3.67 percent, a percentage suitable for the production of energy for civil uses and far from the 90 percent needed to manufacture nuclear weapons. Iran denies that it is developing nuclear weapons.
The nuclear agreement, which involves the withdrawal of sanctions against Iran, was designed to increase the period of time that the Islamic Republic would need to accumulate enough fissile material to manufacture a nuclear bomb, going from two to three months to about a year for restrictions to its atomic program.
Iran, which continues to deny that it will manufacture nuclear bombs, has given another two months to the United Kingdom, France and Germany to maintain the agreement. Tehran has said it is open to dialogue if Washington withdraws all sanctions and re-enters the pact.
In this regard, he has insisted at all times that these breaches are contemplated by the 2015 agreement in case some of the parties cease to maintain their commitments and stressed that they are “reversible” if there is a response to their demands.