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After months of negotiations and delays due to the coronavirus pandemic, the European Union and United Kingdom they finally reached one final agreement to specify the terms of the call Brexit. Although the split became official on January 31, 2020, it was agreed that the rest of the year would be a transition period to refine details about their future relationship, particularly on commercial matters.
The deadline for a solution would be December 31st and it was feared that there would be no agreement. But almost at the last moment The European bloc and the British government have solved the most difficult problems. You no longer have to comply with the provisions of the World Trade Organization (WTO)It would have brought new tariffs, regulatory controls and a lot of paperwork.
The deal is closed. pic.twitter.com/zzhvxOSeWz
– Boris Johnson (@BorisJohnson) December 24, 2020
The news was published December 24th, as if it were a Christmas present for everyone involved.
“The UK remains a trustworthy partner. We will work shoulder to shoulder to achieve our common global goals. But now let’s turn the page and look to the future. I say to all Europeans: it is time to leave Brexit behind. Our future is made in Europe “said the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, via Twitter.
Britain remains a trustworthy partner. We will stand shoulder to shoulder to achieve our common global goals.
But now let’s turn the page and look to the future.
I say to all Europeans: it is time to leave Brexit behind.
Our future lies in Europe. pic.twitter.com/QefWjB5KdH
– Ursula von der Leyen (@vonderleyen) December 24, 2020
The final document is 1,200 pages long and contains details on issues that will affect the daily lives of residents of both areas.
Here is a summary of the key points of the post-Brexit deal:
There are no additional costs for the goods (Mandatory) No limit on the amount that can be traded (Fees) between UK and EU on January 1st.
There will be additional controls at the borders, such as security inspections and customs declarations. Therefore, companies that depend on the transport of goods in and out of the EU need to be prepared.
For services, including finance (very important to the UK economy), the picture is still unclear. The services lose their automatic access rightsbut Britain said the deal “Blocks market access in practically all sectors”.
There will no longer be automatic recognition of certificates for professionals as doctors, nurses and architects.
He United Kingdom it will be a independent coastal state and can decide on access to its waters and fishing grounds.
However, EU vessels can fish in UK waters at least for a couple of years.
25% of the value of your current catch is now available to UK fishing vessels. There will be one Transition period of five and a half years so that this is implemented gradually.
After the transition period Great Britain and the EU regularly negotiate access to water of the other.
The British citizens require a visa For stays of more than 90 days in the EU in a period of 180 days, additional border controls will be carried out for British travelers.
The Pet passports the European Union will no longer be valid.
British travelers still You will have access to emergency medical care in the EU. European Health Insurance Cards (TSE) remain valid until they expire. According to the UK government, they must be replaced with a “UK Global Health Insurance Card”.
in the Mobile telephony, both agreed with “fair and transparent tariffs for the wandering International “. However, nothing prevents British travelers from using their phone more frequently in the EU and vice versa.
Great Britain will no longer participate in the EU Erasmus exchange program. This helps the students to take part in their academic education in other countries. It is replaced by a new program named after the mathematician Alan Turing.
Students of the universities of Northern Ireland will continue to participate in Erasmus. through an agreement with the Irish Government.
He The UK will no longer have automatic access to key databases. However, you can access it on request.
The country You will no longer be a member of Europol. the EU police authority, but will be present at their headquarters. This will be a similar arrangement to what the United States currently has.
European Court of Justice
The UK will no longer be bound by rulings from the European Court of Justice, said the Prime Minister. Boris Johnson.
With information from BBC.com.