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The figures of the Venezuelan exodus

May 25, 2020

Venezuela has been suffering from a political and economic crisis that has turned into a serious humanitarian emergency for years. More than five million people have fled the country, mostly to neighbors like Colombia, who have been overwhelmed by the coronavirus pandemic. For this reason, the European Union has convened a virtual conference of international donors this Tuesday to collect donations for the Venezuelan diaspora.

The onset of the Venezuela crisis is in 2013 when economic decline began due to oil depletion, the Caribbean nation’s main source of income, and Hugo Chávez died, opening the first opportunity in 14 years.This ‘chavismo’ came from the Miraflores -Palast expelled and therefore triggered a political struggle.

The situation was aggravated economically by the collapse of the price of crude oil on the world market, causing the new government of Nicolás Maduro to import virtually no more cash, which in turn led to a general shortage because Venezuela is buying many products abroad and is becoming political for the 2018 presidential election viewed as fraud by the opposition and much of the international community. These are the numbers of the migration crisis:


The figures of the Venezuelan exodusThe figures of the Venezuelan exodus

During these years, particularly in the past two years, a total of 5,095,283 people have left Venezuela to escape the country’s crisis, according to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR). It is the largest country in the Latin American migration crisis in recent history.