MADRID, 12 Nov. –
The trip of the former Bolivian president Evo Morales from Cochabamba to Mexico, a country that has granted him asylum, has been a “journey” through the politics of the region that has demanded a great deal of negotiation with the Government of Andrés Manuel López Obrador so that The transfer can be brought to fruition.
Waiting for Morales to land in Mexico City at around 11.00 (local time) on Tuesday in a Mexican Air Force plane, the Aztec country's foreign minister, Marcelo Ebrard, has explained to the press how He managed his transfer once the resigned Bolivian president accepted Mexico's asylum offer.
“It has been like a journey through different spaces and political decisions,” Ebrard has illustrated. To get to Bolivia, the “first route” passed through Peru, a country that authorized landing in Lima for refueling.
Once on Peruvian soil, the device “had to wait” because they still had to get “authorizations in Bolivia” something that, given the current situation, was not easy because “it is not clear who decides what”. However, upon arriving in Bolivian airspace, the authorities notified them that the permit had been revoked, so they had to return to Lima.
After several efforts, it was finally “the command of the Air Force (Bolivian) that granted the permit, which also says who has the power right now in Bolivia,” said Ebrard. Mexico has labeled “forced coup” the forced resignation of Morales on Sunday after the intervention of the Army, which “suggested” his departure.
Once in Cochabamba, where Morales was waiting, and with everything ready to return by the same path, the Government of Peru notifies that “by political valuations” it no longer authorized to use its territory to refuel on the way to Mexico.
This was, according to Ebrard, the “most tense” and “most difficult” moment, since Morales' followers were around the airport and inside “there were elements of the Armed Forces.” So, he added, we had to get “a plan B”.
The Mexican Government then contacted Paraguay, also assisted in the management by the President-elect of Argentina, Alberto Fernández, who directly contacted the Paraguayan president, Mario Abdo Benítez, and received authorization to fly to Asunción, refuel and make the necessary arrangements.
In the end, and thanks to the “dialogue capability” of the general in charge of the aircraft, the Bolivian Air Force gave the green light to take off, “because they were not going to allow us,” and the plane headed to Asunción. From here, new contact with Peru to allow it to fly over its space, and with Ecuador, who was also asked to authorize a possible landing to refuel in Guayaquil.
But at that time a new problem arose: “Bolivia did not give permission to cross the airspace,” said the foreign minister, which forced him to look for “alternatives,” obtaining Brazil's permission to “fly on the border line between Bolivia. “and that country to Peru.
However, this would not be the last obstacle in the journey, since once in flight, after leaving Asunción at 2.00 hours from Mexico, “Ecuador had to be surrounded” because the country revised its permit, choosing to enter international waters .
Ebrard has trusted that there will be no more “setbacks”, after which he has described what happened as “travel through Latin American politics and how decisions and risks are taken”, anticipated that it will be he who will receive the Morales airport, which is accompanied by his vice president, Álvaro García Linera, as the latter has reported on his Facebook page, where he has published a photo with the Bolivian “land” that is taken into exile.
The foreign minister has not wanted to reveal where Morales will reside in Mexico “for security reasons” and recalled that the Mexican State is responsible for guaranteeing their safety, as with the rest of asylees in the country.
Regarding the internal situation in Bolivia, it has made it clear that Mexico cannot “propose actions” in that country, but rather it is the Bolivians who decide. What “we would like, like Latin America and like the whole world”, is that there is a “democratic, peaceful and stuck exit to the Constitution”.