They denounce Piñera for crimes against humanity for the repression of protests against the Government
MADRID, 12 Dec. –
The Chamber of Deputies of Chile has voted this Thursday against the constitutional accusation launched against the country's president, Sebastián Piñera, for the violations of Human Rights committed in the repression of protests against the Government.
The deputies have supported, by 79 votes in favor and 73 against, the previous issue presented by Piñera's defense to prevent the impeachment process from taking its course.
Piñera's lawyer, Juan Domingo Acosta, has asked in the previous question that the deputies file the constitutional accusation because they consider that it has no legal basis.
Acosta has wielded that “acts are not imputed to him” and, in any case, “personal acts are not imputed, but of others”. “What is imputed is to have allowed, tolerated, consented to others violating Human Rights, in the words of the accusers themselves,” he said.
In addition, he has argued that “the state of emergency was not decreed to suppress social protest, as stated in the accusation, but in the face of a serious situation of commotion of public order,” emphasizing that “the Government has recognized and regretted the cases of people killed or injured “and defended that” there can be no impunity “.
“In the task of resolving the situation that Chile is going through, there is no one left over. There is no deputy or deputy left over. There is no senator or senator left over. There is no left over any political authority. And, believe me, the president does not spare,” he said. The lawyer.
Therefore, he has asked the deputies to show “a vision of the State, of governance and responsibility”, and defend “the main institution that composes it, which is the Presidency of the Republic.
NO SUFFICIENT SUPPORTS
In order for the 'impeachment' process to continue, the deputies would have to have rejected the previous issue by simple majority, after which they would have approved by absolute majority the constitutional accusation, which would then have passed to the Senate, where the support of two thirds.
The Chilean press had already anticipated that the accounts were not going out. Even if he had overcome the first obstacle of the previous question, he would have needed at least 78 votes for the constitutional accusation to be raised to the upper house and of the 83 opposition deputies six had already announced their 'no'.
Thus, the constitutional accusation has been shipwrecked on its first day of parliamentary processing. It was the first time in 50 years that Congress addressed a possible 'impeachment' against the country's president.
THE CONSTITUTIONAL ACCUSATION
Ten opposition deputies, the minimum number of signatories to get ahead, presented on November 19 a constitutional accusation against Piñera in Congress for the “serious” human rights violations at the hands of “State agents” that have occurred during the wave of protests.
The constitutional accusation, which can only be launched against certain high positions of the State, including the president, implies immediate dismissal, and may result in disqualification from public office. It can also precipitate a civil or criminal process.
So far, only three presidents have undergone an 'impeachment' in Chile, Manuel Montt in 1868, who won; Carlos Ibáñez del Campo in 1931, who was dismissed; and Arturo Alessandri in 1939, whose process was shipwrecked before concluding.
COMPLAINT FOR CRIMES OF LESA HUMANITY
However, as soon as the constitutional accusation has declined, the president of the Senate Human Rights Commission, Alejandro Navarro, has filed a complaint for crimes against humanity against Piñera as the “principal responsible” for the repression of the protests.
“This is a complaint that seeks justice and justice in this case of violations of Human Rights is a prison for Piñera,” Navarro said in press statements from the Seventh Court of Guarantee of Santiago.
The opposition senator has explained that with this complaint they seek a “criminal sanction” for Piñera, who has demarcated the “political sanction” aired in Congress, according to Agency One.
In his opinion, “there is more than enough background to establish a complaint, given the systematic or widespread attack against the civilian population” during the repression of the protests.
Protests in Chile broke out on October 17 for the fourth rise in the price of the subway in a few months but quickly escalated to denounce social inequality and demand a constitutional change.
More than 20 people have died from the repression of demonstrations against the Government, including five of which the National Institute of Human Rights (NHRI) has accused the security forces.
Piñera, who reacted initially declaring the state of emergency, apologized for not listening to the Chileans, announced a “social agenda” to meet their demands and remodeled the Government to carry it out.
In addition, the Chilean president has agreed 'in extremis' to a constitutional process that will be decided in a plebiscite next April. Despite this, the protests have continued.