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Sudanese celebrate this Saturday the historic transition agreement that formalizes the end of the Al Bashir era

August 17, 2019

Protests for the death of protesters in Sudan – REUTERS / MOHAMED NURELDIN ABDALLAH


The Sudanese people celebrate this Saturday the signing of the so-called Political Agreement and the Constitutional Declaration on the Transitional Authority that will lead the country over the next three years and formally ends the end of three decades of dictatorship of Omar Hasan to Bashir, accused by the International Criminal Court (ICC) of multiple crimes, and that this Monday will appear before a domestic court to answer only for allegations of corruption.

The celebration, which will be attended by several regional leaders, will take place at the Friendship Hall in Khartoum at 1 pm. In addition, a popular celebration and parties will be held at Freedom Park.

Among the attendees will be residents of Atbara, the town where, in December last year, the demonstrations that led to the dictator's departure began four months later.

The country almost ended up on the brink of catastrophe in the days of sporadic violence that followed, especially on June 3, when paramilitary groups caused more than 100 deaths – around 40 according to the authorities – by violently dissolving a sitting in front of the Ministry of Defense.

At the moment the president of the African Union Commission, Musa Faki Mahamat, is already in Khartoum; the Prime Minister of Ethiopia and the great mediator in the transition talks, Abiy Ahmed, and the Turkish Foreign Ministers, Mevlut Cavusoglu; Uganda, Sam Kutesa or Djibouti, Mahmud Ali Yusuf.

The Egyptian president and current president of the African Union, Abdelfatá Al Sisi, will send Mostafa Kemal Madbouly as representative and au prime minister. The European Union will be represented by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Finland, Pekka Haavisto.

This agreement puts an end to a few months of extreme tension in the African country because of the reluctance of the military junta that overthrew Al Bashir at the time of taking the next step: a hybrid government, formed by military and civilians, in charge of guiding a stage transition to democratic elections.

During the transition period, the country will be governed by a technocratic government headed by an independent prime minister and under the control of a future legislative council where the opposition of the Freedom and Change Forces will have control of two thirds of the camera.

The new government that will be formed next week will have to deal with an economic situation at the limit given that the country is on the list of terrorist states in the United States, which limits international relations in the extreme.

Amnesty International, meanwhile, has asked the current authorities of Sudan to hand over the former Criminal Court (TPI) to the former president to Bashir since, although the domestic trial that begins on Monday is a “positive step”, it is not enough to debug responsibilities for the “heinous crimes” committed.

Two orders for the arrest of the ICC for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes for the alleged abuses committed under his command in the Darfur region weigh on Al Bashir. On Monday, the first trial against him will begin in Sudan, but only for corruption.

“Although it is a positive step towards accountability for some of the crimes that are imputed to him, he still has atrocious crimes committed against the Sudanese people,” lamented Amnesty's head for the eastern part of Africa, Joan Nyanyuki, in a statement.

For this reason, he has claimed that Al Bashir, who “has dodged justice for too many years,” is handed over to the court based in The Hague. “Now that military leaders are approaching an expected political agreement with the opposition coalition, they must urgently ratify the Rome Statute of the ICP, which the country signed in 2000, and cooperate fully with the court,” Nyanyuki said.