The Egyptian footballer’s Adidas boots have been donated to the museum to celebrate being the top goalscorer in the Premier League this season.
The boots will be placed in the Egyptian section, next to pharaohs, as Salah prepares to lead his national team, known as The Pharaohs, out in the World Cup.
Neal Spencer, the museum’s keeper of ancient Egypt and Sudan, said in a statement: “This acquisition brings the British Museum’s world-famous Egyptian collection right up to date.
“The boots tell a story of a modern Egyptian icon, performing in the UK, with a truly global impact.”
He added: “Displayed amidst the statues of ancient pharaohs, we now show the boots with which Mo Salah won the Golden Boot for Liverpool.”
The left-footed striker has gained national treasure status in Egypt by helping the team get to the World Cup 2018.
The boots will go on display in gallery 61 next week in the run-up to the Champions League final. They will be next to footwear from ancient Egypt and a selection of gold pharaonic jewellery.
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Mr Spencer added: “This acquisition builds on our recent project to acquire objects to tell the story of day-to-day life in 20th and 21st century Egypt.”
Salah scored 32 Premier League goals in the 2017/18 season, two more than Tottenham Hotspur’s Harry Kane.