MADRID, Aug. 23 (EUROPE PRESS) –
The Russian Government has begun to exhibit in public, on the occasion of the 80th anniversary of its signature in 1939, the original document of the historic non-aggression pact between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany with the double intention of finally assuming its existence and framing the text as a necessary evil; one that facilitated the subsequent defense of the Soviet territory against a betrayal that he anticipated instead of being an act of appeasement in the face of the unstoppable emergence of the then dictator Adolf Hitler.
Eight decades after an agreement to which history has given the last names of its signatories, the former Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and the then president of the Soviet of People's Commissars – the equivalent of Prime Minister – Viacheslav Molotov, Russia wants to convey the message that its signature was also an act of self-defense.
An example of this is the decision of the exhibitors to accompany the text of the agreement with another infamous contract: the Munich agreements of 1938 where, at Hitler's initiative, the prime ministers of the United Kingdom and France, Neville Chamberlain and Édouard Daladier, allowed that Germany will annex the Sudeten mountain range, belonging to the former Czechoslovakia.
The Soviet Union, which was not consulted during these negotiations, interpreted this agreement as a threat to their interests that was confirmed when the Nazis invaded the Czechs in March of 39, putting Hitler's forces virtually in front of the door of the territory Soviet.
“And for all this and under these circumstances,” explained the current Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov during the inauguration of the exhibition, “the Soviet Union was forced to guarantee its national security and sign this non-aggression pact with Germany”.
Lavrov echoed the words that the president, Vladimir Putin, delivered four years ago in a speech accompanied by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and in which he gave the current version of the Russian Government to those signed eight decades ago. “Our tremendous efforts to create an anti-Nazi bloc ended up failing and we realized that only we could face Hitler, so we tried to postpone direct confrontation.”
This appreciation of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact contrasts with the forcefulness exhibited, also this week, by the governments of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania alongside Poland and Romania.
All of them perceive that the Soviet dictator Josef Stalin signed the agreement for reasons that did not have much to do with self-defense, but to appropriate these territories, which belonged to the former imperial Russia until its independence in the aftermath of the First World War , in 1918, according to Russian historian Ivan Kurilla to the DPA agency. Under the yoke of Stalin, they became the scene of masked atrocities under the euphemism of “deportations.”
And, therefore, it is “an agreement that condemned half of Europe to decades of misery, and after which we must remember all these victims and broken lives as a result of the crimes perpetrated under the ideology of Nazism and Stalinism, “said the five countries in their statement, presented on the occasion of the European Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Totalitarian Regimes.
“Vladimir Putin seems to tell us that the annexation of the Baltic states, the aggression against Poland, the aggression against Romania, Finland never meant much, that they were simply a natural part of the story, and that is a problem,” lamented the political scientist and director of the Polish Institute of International Affairs Slawomir Debski to the newspaper 'The Guardian'.
“We should ask ourselves why we commemorate all these historical events. We don't do it because these politicians are historians. We do it to send a message to our contemporary society about what's right and what's wrong,” he added.