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Researchers from the University of Salamanca publish articles on the traceability of the clothing industry using blockchain technology

The world’s textile industry is one of the complexes in its production processes. In this way that the unification of all processes is a confusing and vast lake, recent research has borne fruit on how the production processes of industry can be unified in the blockchain and ensure traceability.

Essentially, it provides a way to unify the industry’s processes into five large blocks that group the industry together. The first relates to the raw material, the second to the raw material conversion process, the third to the design and manufacturing process, the fourth to the sales process, and finally to the end-user.

The development of this research was funded by the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (MCIU, Spain), the grant from the State Research Agency (AEI, Spain) and the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER, EU), and the Ministry of Education (funded). Junta de Castilla y León, Spain).

Researchers from the University of Salamanca publish articles on the traceability of the clothing industry using blockchain technology
Researchers from the University of Salamanca publish articles on the traceability of the clothing industry using blockchain technology

The publication of the research results presupposes a solution to the problem of traceability of clothing through the use of blockchain technology, which has not yet been fully considered, but on the contrary through the use of this type of technology was partially in the clothing.

This schema of work or framework that the research suggests is integrative and explains the research that the use of the Merkle tree, where all production, distribution, transformation, and final sales are developed, are all interrelated “RootBut each process in a separate coding branch.

This type of encoding allows large amounts of data to be stored in interconnected ways without overloading the blockchain network, and it also allows the security that each block is secured, thereby achieving the immutability required for the network.

In the same way, the study shows that the use of a public blockchain network is recommended to really ensure the democratization of information.

The use of private blockchain networks actually delimits the accessibility for entering information. This indicates two relevant problems: The first is aimed at the ability to tamper with the information and add new information without being checked and authorized by the administrator of the network.

The second is to limit the supply of circumstances associated with the processes, since anyone who converts the raw material in this case can verify the origin of the raw material, but will not be able to see the changes in the improvements in the material before being transformed into adding an end product without prior authorization from who manages the network, which is defined with an absolutely centralized control that ultimately appeals to the philosophical foundations of lovers of this type of technology.

Hence, those doing the research are betting on the use of public blockchain networks and also emphasizing their convenience. From the factors of production like the pollution caused by cotton production to the final sale of the garment, it can be fed into a public network without major inconvenience..

So far, the various problems that the textile industry has had to do with the counterfeiting of raw materials and finished products, with the distribution of these counterfeits being of particular importance. Therefore, there is the potential of the blockchain to secure the goods from their point of view as a productive process.

The publication of this study is expected to enable the textile industry to unify all processes in a single network, so that the use of digital resources that drove this so-called Industrial Revolution 4.0 will become a reality for the industry.

In this context, the study notes that:

“For the clothing supply chain, we propose a distributed ledger in which every textile process is reliably recorded as a block in the chain. Information integrity and authentication are important components of a supply chain. Therefore, it is of the utmost importance that everyone in the supply chain monitors the flow and protects confidential information. The block sequence contains a full list of transactions like a conventional public ledger, so any change in the information record will necessarily break the chain. ”

It also shows the following:

“A garment could be made of cotton, fabricated as a fabric, put together by sewing, and finally included in the supply chain for distribution and sale, promotion and distribution to local stores.”

These are the complex operational problems that this study aims to solve, as there are so far a multitude of token projects that are responsible for the traceability of the raw material, the end product or the manufacture of the product, but have not yet been fully coupled Project that extends from the manufacture of the raw material to the end user.

Other textile projects

There are currently a large number of projects in the textile industry, some of which we will list. Let’s start with LOMIA, a company that makes textile circuits for heating and lighting clothing and uses the sensor technology installed to collect data from clothing. Blockchain helps give some data back to brands so that brands can use the data to make better products in the future.

Curator, this is a decentralized application (DApp), a blockchain-based smart contract platform that uses digital tokens like BTCT or ETH or their own digital currency token CUR8 to reward the planning of different user modes. There are currently brands that have already joined this project to increase online sales or upgrade their products to cryptocurrency market.

Of course, when we refer to the textile industry, we absolutely need to refer to Genesis Textil, whose Hong Kong-based tech company Textile uses blockchain technology to track its Tencel fibers. The blockchain-based Tencel Fiber token is used as an authentication mechanism to prevent any form of tampering and to provide digital security for every step of the apparel manufacturing process.

Then there’s Fuchsia, a Seattle-based company that uses a blockchain platform called Provenance to share detailed information about the workers who make the brand’s shoes in Pakistan. Finally, there is a producer who uses blockchain technology to create virtual clothing that is only compatible in the digital world.

Other supply chains

Large supply chains have modernized today, from the use of food supply chains to the traceability of full loads. All with their particularities in each individual case, which is why research in this textile industry is so important.

Ports are already automating their processes more and more, companies like Maersk have updated their supply chain by implementing a blockchain network, and therefore several companies around the world have implemented this type of updates.

The textile industry has lagged a bit, automating these processes is not an easy task and therefore The study concludes that the best method by which all industrial processes can be included is the Merkle Tree method. In this way, a large amount of data is uploaded to the network, all of which are independent in every part of the process, at the same time, they are all generally interconnected to ensure the immutability characteristic of the blockchain.

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