Bolivia's opposition senator Jeanine Añez after assuming the Presidency of the country – REUTERS / CARLOS GARCIA RAWLINS
Mesa congratulates her while Morales denounces “the most artful and disastrous blow in history”
Opposition Senator Jeanine Añez has assumed on Tuesday the Presidency of Bolivia after the resignation of Evo Morales, after a session in the Senate that has been canceled due to the lack of 'quorum'.
“The presidential succession must be applied immediately, in the absence and abandonment of the president and vice president,” he said, as reported by the Bolivian newspaper 'The Duty'.
Thus, he affirmed that “according to the text of the Constitution, as president of the Senate, I immediately assume as president of the State, provision provided for in the constitutional order.”
“I pledge to take all necessary measures to pacify the country,” he said, after two failed attempts to hold a vote in the absence of 'quorum' due to the absence of the Socialist Movement (MAS) officials.
The senator of the opposition Social Democratic Movement has pointed out that “the Bolivian people are witnessing that they have made all the necessary efforts to channel the presence of the assembly members of the three political forces.”
Añez, as 'number two' of the Senate, declared herself willing to interimly assume the Presidency of Bolivia with the “sole objective” of calling new elections.
In addition to Morales, his vice president and the holders of the two chambers of Parliament, dozens of public offices have resigned these days, which caused the senator to ascend in the line of succession to assume the Presidency.
The former president, on the other hand, has denounced that “the most artful and disastrous coup in history has been consummated” and has warned that “a coup right-wing senator calls herself the president of the Senate and then interim president of Bolivia without 'quorum' legislative, surrounded by a group of accomplices and supported by the Armed Forces and the Police that repress the people. ”
Opposition leader Carlos Mesa congratulated Añez, whom he considers the “new constitutional president of Bolivia.” “Our country consolidates with its possession, its democratic vocation and the courage of a legitimate, peaceful and heroic popular deed. All success in the challenge it faces. Viva la Patria !!!!!”, he stressed in his Twitter account.
As mentioned in the newspaper, its transitional mandate is to guarantee the institutionality of the State and proceed immediately to the reorganization of the Plurinational Electoral Body (EPO), so that there are new general elections and the transfer of Command on January 22, 2020.
THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT RECOGNIZES THE ACT
The full room of the Plurinational Constitutional Court “considering the serious political and social situation that our country is facing, which have left the resignations of the Presidency and Vice Presidency of the State as well as the presidencies of the Senate and Deputies Chambers (…) in seeks to contribute to the pacification and institutional stability of the country expresses that with the purpose “, the court has indicated in a statement that recognizes the act of possession of Añex as president of the country.
“To preserve the Constitutional State of Law, the validity of the Constitution (…) and the principle of continuity, according to which the functioning of the executive body should not be suspended (…) in the face of a presidential succession, originated in the vacancy of the Presidency of the Republic, caused by the resignation of the head of State and not an act of proclamation, does not require law or congressional resolution for the vice president to assume the Presidency of the Republic, “collects the text.
In this sense, the Constitutional of Bolivia indicates that “according to the text and meaning of the Constitution, the vice president assumes ipso facto the Presidency of the Republic” and has stressed that “any different understanding could threaten the immediacy in the presidential succession, provided in the constitutional order. ”
The document also states that for the presidential succession the content of article 169.I of the Political Constitution of the State (CPE) must be applied, “taking into account the relevant part of the jurisprudential precedent of Constitutional Declaration 0003/01 of 31 July 2001 “.