The peace deal in South Sudan is two years old and although some armed groups have ceased their activities, violence between communities has intensified over the past year, which, in addition to the coronavirus pandemic and recent floods, exacerbates humanitarian aid in the country, Save the Children and World Vision have warned.
According to both NGOs, the country is facing “one of the most complex crises in the world”. More than 7.1 million people, including 4.1 million children, remain in dire need of vital humanitarian assistance. That number hasn’t changed much since 2018 and is actually getting worse.
The number of conflicts between municipalities between January 1 and July 31 of this year exceeded the annual totals registered in 2013-2016 and 2018-2019 and is close to meeting or exceeding the annual totals registered in 2017 outstanding.
In Jonglei alone, according to the United Nations, recent clashes between members of different ethnic groups have resulted in at least 600 deaths, probably more, and displaced 160,000 people. According to the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), more civilians were killed and wounded across the country in the second quarter than in the first.