The Government accepts the offer of the UN to “accompany in the search for agreements”
MADRID, Oct. 8 (EUROPE PRESS) –
The leaders of the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE) have arrived in Quito on Tuesday as part of the mobilization they have undertaken from different parts of the country so that the Government reverses the economic reform, although the president, Lenín Moreno, is maintains firm from Guayaquil, where the Executive has moved to prevent a new outbreak of violence.
CONAIE, the main indigenous organization in Ecuador, has called on native communities across the country to march to Quito to celebrate a large demonstration on Wednesday that hopes to gather 20,000 people. So far, they add about 5,000.
“From today it is already activated and we will continue,” said CONAIE President Jaime Vargas, about the indigenous movement, in press statements upon his arrival in the Ecuadorian capital, according to the local newspaper 'El Comercio'.
Vargas has taken the opportunity to reject any link between CONAIE and the riots. “That they demonstrate to me that an indigenous person or the leaders (of the CONAIE) are sacking, that they demonstrate to us”, has challenged.
CONAIE has already issued a statement in which it condemns the violence and calls its own to protest peacefully, while it has been unmarked of “the coup platform of 'correísmo'”, in reference to former President Rafael Correa and his followers, to those he has accused of “taking advantage” of the indigenous struggle.
The indigenous people have concentrated in the park of El Arbolito and in the House of Culture, where they have held an assembly to make decisions. Among them, they have agreed to strengthen internal controls to detect and detain “infiltrators” who blame the violence.
According to 'The Universe', the natives have begun to apply their own justice to the supposed “infiltrators” after the first incidents of the day in Quito were recorded.
The massive influx of protesters to Quito has caused significant problems in the Ecuadorian capital. The natives have cut traffic at some access points and inside the city. The public transport service has been suspended.
Instability goes beyond Quito. Thus, the Government has suspended classes throughout the country, some institutions have sent their workers home and municipal authorities in cities such as Pichincha have canceled public events. Only during this Tuesday there have been incidents in 21 provinces.
Stresses the image of the Carondelet Palace, headquarters of the Government of Ecuador, heavily guarded by the Armed Forces to avoid possible attacks while Moreno and his Cabinet remain in Guayaquil. On Monday night there were already attacks against the National Assembly and the Comptroller.
The president ordered that same night the transfer of the Executive from Quito to Guayaquil, the second city of the country, and this Tuesday he held a meeting there with representatives of all the powers of the State, after which Moreno is expected to go back to the nation.
The situation in Quito and other places contrasts with Guayaquil, which is calm for now. Police and military have been deployed in the main accesses to the city due to the possibility that the indigenous march decides to move towards this coastal town.
The origin of the protests are the economic measures announced by Moreno on October 1, the already known as “package”, an adjustment plan demanded by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in exchange for an injection of 4.2 billion dollars.
The carriers staged the first demonstrations against the withdrawal of fuel subsidies, although other sectors quickly joined, among which the Indians stand out, until the riots broke out last Thursday.
In these days, a person has died, dozens have been injured, including a serious one, and at least 570 have been arrested, mostly for “vandalism”, because of clashes between protesters and security forces.
Moreno has declared the state of exception, which was initially intended for 60 days, although the Constitutional Court has reduced it to 30, and has offered dialogue to the protesters, although warning that it will not recover public aid to gasoline and diesel.
This same Tuesday, Leonidas Iza, president of the Indigenous Movement of Cotopaxi, which is part of CONAIE, has established two requirements to sit at the negotiating table: that Moreno back down on the withdrawal of the fuel subsidy and the exit of the defense ministers, Oswaldo Jarrín, and Interior, María Paula Romo, to whom the protesters blame the repression.
In this context, the United Nations System in Ecuador moved Ecuador to Ecuador “its willingness to accompany in the search for agreements that favor society as a whole” and this Tuesday the Government has accepted such accompaniment to favor “the return to social peace and understandings within the country. ”
The UN has expressed “its concern about the escalation of violence” in the country, urging “all actors to remain calm and seek consensus through an inclusive and effective dialogue that will continue to build a culture of peace in Ecuador.”
The Organization of American States (OAS), has also called for dialogue and condemned violence, specifically rejecting “any form of interruption” of the Government of Moreno, thus anticipating an eventual coup d'etat. “The General Secretariat considers it essential that all parties respect the constitutional term for which the president was elected,” he stressed.
Moreno denounced on Monday, in a message addressed to the nation, that former President Rafael Correa – another his ally – and Venezuelan president Nicolás Maduro, intend to carry out a “coup d'etat” against his Government. “The coup makers are them,” Correa replied.