BRUSSELS, Oct. 9 (EUROPE PRESS) –
The EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, urged Turkey on Wednesday to “cease” its “unilateral military action” in northeastern Syria against the Kurdish militias and has warned Ankara that ” a sustainable solution to the Syrian conflict cannot be achieved militarily. ”
“The renewed armed hostilities in the Northeast will further undermine stability throughout the region, exacerbate human suffering and cause more displacements,” will make it “more difficult” to advance the political process sponsored by the UN “to achieve peace in Syria”, has said.
Thus, he has warned in a statement, previously agreed by the Twenty-eight, that “Turkey's unilateral action” also “partly threatens the achievements of the global coalition” against the Islamic State.
The 'Operation Peace of Peace' against the Kurdish militia Units of Popular Protection (YPG) has started just a few days after US President Donald Trump gave Ankara 'green light' for the offensive and withdrew his troops from the area, although the White House made it clear that it will not support it.
The YPGs are the main component of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDS), which have been the main local US ally on the ground in the fight against the Islamic State.
Thus, Mogherini has made it clear that the Turkish military offensive “will undermine the security” of local coalition partners – Kurdish militias – and will carry the risk of “cystic instability in northeastern Syria and the consequent risk of giving “a fertile ground for the resurgence” of the Islamic State, a “significant” regional, international and European security threat.
“The safe detention of terrorists is imperative to prevent them from returning to the ranks of terrorist groups,” he warns in the joint text.
Given the objective of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, to return two million Syrian refugees from Turkey to the security zone he wants to create after “cleaning” the Kurdish militia area, Mogherini has made it clear that “it is unlikely” that it meet the international criteria set by UNHCR so that they can return, making it clear that for the block their return can only occur when conditions “allow” to ensure that it is “safe, voluntary and dignified”.
“Any attempt at demographic change would be unacceptable,” the head of European diplomacy has warned Ankara, who has reiterated that “the EU will not give assistance for stabilization or development in areas where the rights of local populations are ignored.”
The Union has urged Ankara to respond to its security concerns through “political and diplomatic means” and “not military action” and reiterated its call to “all parties to ensure the protection of civilians” and humanitarian access without obstacles and insurance, in “all” the country.
In the text, he reaffirms the Union's commitment to “the unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Syrian State”, which he insists, “can only be achieved through a genuine political transition” within the framework of a solution negotiated by the parties and sponsored by the UN.