Tory chief whip Julian Smith sent a letter to his Conservative colleagues announcing the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill will be coming back to the Commons on 12 June.
He requested all Tory MPs to be on the parliamentary estate for the entire day as there will be several votes on the bill, which has suffered 15 defeats at the hands of the House of Lords.
In a clear warning to Tory rebels, Mr Smith also urged MPs to vote on the amendments “in a way that reflects both the referendum result and the Conservative Party manifesto we all stood on last year”.
The session will last about 12 hours, starting at 12.30pm.
With a working majority of just 13, Theresa May needs all her MPs to be on her side to get the Brexit Bill through in a way she wants.
MPs are expecting a “marathon session”, with the vote going into the early hours of the following Wednesday to ensure the bill can go back to the Lords by the end of next week, Government sources told Sky News’ senior political correspondent Beth Rigby.
A Government minister said: “It’s going to be tough but we are working hard to get it right.”
The votes will happen on the same day US President Donald Trump and his North Korean counterpart Kim Jong Un meet in Singapore.
Shadow Brexit minister Jenny Chapman criticised having just a day to debate the bill, which comes less than a month after the final Lords’ defeat.
She said: “This is a shameful decision. Ministers have spent months delaying Brexit votes in Parliament because they fear defeat.
“Now they want to railroad through crucial legislation and limit the chance for proper debate and scrutiny.”
Labour MP and Remainer Chuka Umunna also criticised the timing and called for the public to be allowed to vote on the final deal.
The leading supporter of the People’s Vote campaign said: “It is absolutely outrageous for the government to allocate just one day to a debate that promises to be crucial for the future of our country.
“This is a shameful attempt by the government to avoid difficult questions about the chaotic mess they’ve made of the Brexit negotiations. But people will not be fooled.
“I hope MPs will vote in favour of the vital amendments to this Bill, in particular those that seek to keep the UK in the Customs Union and in Europe’s economic area.”
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On 16 May the Lords delivered its 15th defeat of the Brexit Bill, calling for environmental protections to continue to be provided by the EU after the UK leaves the bloc.
Some of the key amendments the Lords have agreed to are negotiating a customs union arrangement with the EU, participating in the European Economic area (EEA), retaining EU law on employment and consumer standards and keeping a soft border between Northern Ireland and the Republic.