More than half of the residents of Lago Province in western Chad have been displaced as a result of the ongoing attacks by jihadist groups operating in the lake that gives the country its name, as well as the rapid deterioration in the environment, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM ) climate change in this region.
In total, around 363,800 people have been displaced in this province on the border with Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger. This is an increase of 22 percent compared to April and the highest number that the IOM has ever recorded.
According to the UN agency, the province of Lago is facing a double security and environmental crisis. Since 2015 it has been the scene of repeated attacks by Boko Haram and its split, the Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA). However, these have worsened this year, prompting Idriss Déby’s government to declare the Zone of War “two departments as part of a military operation in March.
“This year the Lago region had the highest rainfall in almost 30 years,” explains Mouftah Mohamed, IOM boss at the Bagasola branch in Lago, and the rains are not over yet. That is why he says: “We experience flash floods in cities and fields in which thousands of people are displaced.”