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More than 200 documents show the Chinese repression against more than one million minority members

November 16, 2019

An Uyghur man at a security checkpoint in Xinjiang – REUTERS / THOMAS PETER – Archive


More than 200 documents leaked to the American newspaper 'The New York Times' reveal that the Chinese Communist Party, by order of the secretary general and president of the country, Xi Jinping, ordered the acceleration of a campaign of repression against more than one million members of ethnic minorities, with Uyghur Muslims in the lead, either through their imprisonment or forced entry into concentration camps.

More than 200 documents show the Chinese repression against more than one million minority membersMore than 200 documents show the Chinese repression against more than one million minority members

United Nations experts and activists denounced a year ago that at least one million Uighurs and members of other ethnic or religious minorities had been held in clandestine centers in Xinjiang.

The Beijing Government recognizes the existence of these centers but maintains that they are not places of detention but of “reeducation” to combat extremism and that entry into them is voluntary.


Key in the intensification of this policy, according to the documents, was the attack perpetrated in April 2014 by separatist militiamen against a Kunming railway station in southwest China, which cost the lives of 31 people and left more than 140 injured , followed by a second attack in Urumqui that left at least 39 dead and 94 wounded.

According to the 'NYT', the Chinese president delivered “a series of secret speeches” that culminated “in the security offensive that can now be seen in the Xinjiang region,” home of the Uyghurs and epicenter of these camps.

The texts of four of these speeches, never published, are among the documents of the leak. In one of them, pronounced before the Urumqi Anti-Terror Police after the initial knife attack, the Chinese president explains that “the current methods are very primitive and do not work against the machetes, axes and cold steel weapons that the separatists brandish. “.

In fact, the NGO for Human Rights Human Rights Watch has denounced that the Chinese authorities are resorting to a modern mobile phone application to carry out “arbitrary detentions and mass illegal surveillance” on the Uighur minority.

In fact, Human Rights Watch says that it has managed, in this sense, to reproduce the application that the security forces use to identify the Uighur population before the so-called Integrated Platform of Joint Operations, a database that identifies and identifies people potentially threatening to the stability of the central government.


“We must be as cruel as they are and not show any mercy,” the Chinese president added in his Urumqui speech, as part of a “fight against terrorism, infiltration and separatism.”

The wave of international attacks attributed to the jihadist organization Islamic State and the withdrawal of US troops in Afghanistan were added to the national tension. The terrorist attacks in Europe were a consequence, according to senior Chinese government officials, “of policies that put human rights before security,” according to the newspaper's notes.

Also essential in this campaign was the figure of Chen Quanguo, regional head of the party and, since August 2016, responsible for pressing the construction of these camps and transmission belt of the speeches of the Chinese president to “lock up whoever is needed” .

Again according to the documents, every local party affiliate who expressed doubts about this new policy was “purged”, including a responsible person who decided to release thousands of prisoners in these camps.

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