Mexico goes to the ICJ to force Bolivia to respect its Embassy and Residence in La Paz


The Mexican Foreign Minister, Marcelo Ebrard, has announced that on Thursday that the country will go to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to demand Bolivia to respect its Embassy and Residence in La Paz, whose security has multiplied in Last days without the Mexican authorities asking for it.

“Mexico is presenting a legal instrument before the International Criminal Court for violation of diplomatic obligations,” Ebrard announced in the daily press conference, although he has subsequently corrected clarifying that it is the ICJ.

Mexico goes to the ICJ to force Bolivia to respect its Embassy and Residence in La Paz
Mexico goes to the ICJ to force Bolivia to respect its Embassy and Residence in La Paz

The foreign minister said that on November 15, Mexico, “honoring its diplomatic tradition”, welcomed a number of people – former collaborators of the Government of Evo Morales -, gave them political asylum and requested the new Bolivian authorities to grant them a safe-conduct so they could leave the country.

According to Ebrard, the “de facto” Executive of Jeanine Áñez remained silent until “eleven days later” he informed Mexico that four of the political asylees had arrest warrants against him, so he demanded his delivery. “According to International Law, what prevails is the right of asylum,” he said.

Despite this, he said, “on December 23, they appeared outside the premises of the Embassy and the Residence on the order of 90 unsolicited elements of Police and Army.” “To get an idea, the usual number does not exceed six and, suddenly, 90 were given,” he illustrated.

Mexico responded to this uniformed movement by transferring its “concern” to the Bolivian authorities, while “contacting the United Nations and other international institutions and organizations so that the Vienna Convention is respected.”

Ebrard recalled that the Vienna Convention establishes the inviolability of diplomatic missions – “as if they were Mexican territory” – underlining that “not even in the worst moments of the military coups of the 70s and 80s he put himself at risk the integrity of these facilities. ”

He has also demanded that Mexico respect the right of asylum, as “a sovereign decision”, wielding that “it always prevails” with respect to any other international principle. “” Of course, “he has apostilled,” there is no principle that assists those they want to violate the diplomatic headquarters of a country. ”

Questioned about the statements of his Bolivian counterpart, Karen Longaric, according to which the political asylum that Mexico has granted to former Morales employees seeks to destabilize Bolivia, the Foreign Minister has emphatically denied it.

“Nothing is further from reality,” he replied. “We have no interest except that International Law is respected,” said the head of Mexican diplomacy.

Ebrard has also pointed out that “the same could have been argued when the Spanish Civil War was or when the Jewish community was received in the 1930s” or “when the military coups were” in Latin America during the 1970s and 1980s.

Against this, he has proudly defended “one of the best traditions of Mexico in the field of foreign policy,” which is the right of asylum for “the persecuted”: “It is not interference, it is the defense of a substantive right of International and Human Rights Law “.

In this sense, he has riveted that “few countries and few governments dare to question the right of asylum” because “it says a lot about those who do it”, sliding that “they are authoritarian visions”.

Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who has briefly taken the floor, has backed his foreign minister. “That did not even Pinochet,” has drawn attention.


On the other hand, Ebrard has clarified that Mexico does not plan to withdraw either the ambassador or the staff of the Embassy in La Paz, explaining that, in the first place, that would mean leaving the 10,000 Mexicans living in Bolivia without attention, and, in second, that precisely now “we must be attentive and present” to prevent the Government of Áñez from taking harmful decisions for Mexican sovereignty. “We would do it as a last resort,” he added.

With all this, Ebrard has advanced that Mexico will attend the ICJ this Thursday to denounce Bolivia “breach of diplomatic obligations.” “What we propose is that the integrity of the facilities and those within them be preserved and respected,” he stressed.

In addition, he stressed that Mexico has already sought the support of 29 countries, among which it has expressly mentioned all of the European Union and “almost all” Latin Americans. “The international community will tend to be in a favorable position to Mexico because who in their right mind will support the violation of a diplomatic headquarters,” he said.

López Obrador, for his part, has hoped that “the right to asylum will be reconsidered and respected and any temptation to take or violate Mexican sovereignty by wanting to penetrate the Embassy” will be removed. “I hope that wisdom prevails, that it prevails above all politics,” he concluded.

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