Far-right leader Giorgia Meloni already has her sights set on October 13, the first milestone on the calendar that will take her – barring any catastrophe – to the Chigi Palace, seat of the Italian government. That day will see the Chamber of Deputies and Senate meet for the first time, and the election of their President will be the first test for what appears to be a solid coalition that will back Meloni.
The chamber consists of 400 MPs and until the results are officially confirmed, Meloni’s party, the Brothers of Italy, will be the leading political force, although they will need support to secure a majority. This is where the allies of Italy’s conservative sector come in: the far-right League, the traditional right wing of Fuerza Italia and the centrists of We Moderates, who would add between 227 and 257 MPs.
During the election campaign, the four formations boasted of their harmony, but the election of the President of the Chamber of Deputies will be the first major litmus test. The Senate, with 200 elected senators and 6 for life, will also meet “no later than the twentieth day” after the vote, as required by Italian law.
After the election of the Speakers of Parliament, the deliberations of the Head of State Sergio Mattarella will begin, who will convene the leaders of the fractions, the leaders of the coalition, the former Presidents of the Chambers and the former Presidents of Parliament of the Republic to the Palace of the Quirinals before commissioning the formation of the government.
Once elected, Meloni must present a list of ministers and they can swear in their positions at the Quirinal to formally form the Council of Ministers. However, they must submit to a vote of confidence from both houses within ten days, a move which, if passed, will transform the executive branch into a full-fledged government.
This whole process is well studied in Italy, a country where a government has rarely managed to close a legislature since World War II. The average constitution of a government takes 67 days, but when the majority is as clear as this, the times shorten and it could end in a month.