Master Key to the Increase in Violence in Jerusalem and Gaza in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

The renewed escalation of violence in Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip, in which more than twenty Palestinians and two Israelis were killed by exchanges of bombings and projectile fire, is part of mounting tensions over the lifting of the Palestinian elections and eviction orders in the Shaykh Jarrá neighborhood in East Jerusalem .

In recent weeks, East Jerusalem has been the epicenter of a renewed rise in tension between the Israeli and Palestinian authorities over the May 22 legislative session after the Israeli government prevented campaigning and voting from being held in that area of ​​the city.

The Palestinian Authority, which requested Israel’s permission to vote, refused an election in which residents of what it believed to be the capital of their future independent state would not participate in accordance with international resolutions. She announced a postponement of the elections, which should be the first in about 15 years.

Master Key to the Increase in Violence in Jerusalem and Gaza in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
Master Key to the Increase in Violence in Jerusalem and Gaza in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Tensions mounted in the days that followed after the Israeli Supreme Court approved the eviction of several Palestinian families in Sheikh Kharra to be occupied by settlers, leading to Palestinian complaints of a violation of international law.

With this in mind, the United Nations recalled that the eviction of residents of an occupied territory and the transfer of the population from the occupied land can constitute a war crime, with Sheikh Kharra becoming the focus of protests against the Israeli authorities and settlers in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

Thus, the protests led to various clashes prior to the intervention of the security forces, which caused their expansion to other parts of the city, including the esplanade of the mosques – known by the Jews as the Temple Mount – in the old city of Jerusalem. is located in the eastern part of the city.

Managed by the Jordanian authorities like other Muslim holy sites in the city, the site has been the scene of numerous disputes in recent years as it is home to the Al-Aqsa Mosque – the third most important for Muslims. and the Dome of the Rock, while one of the surrounding walls is the Western Wall, which is of great importance to Jews.

The protests in support of the residents of Sheikh Jarrá spread to the esplanade of the mosques after the nightly prayers of the Muslims, who came to the place in a moment of great importance, as it is the last days of the celebration of the month of Ramadan.

These demonstrations, during which the faithful refused to leave the place despite demands from the Israeli authorities, led to the intervention of the security forces, who in the past few days have injured hundreds of people, even given off tear gas and broke into the Al-Aqsa mosque which has sparked outrage among Muslim countries in the region.

About 600 Palestinians were injured in protests on Monday’s esplanade of mosques, adding to the 300 or so injured by police intervention during the day on Sunday, including dozens of minors who were on site.

In this context, and after several days of warnings and threats from Palestinian factions in the Gaza Strip, including the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas), which controls the enclave, the firing of projectiles from Gaza, including several against Jerusalem and its surroundings, began in a drastic manner on Monday Escalation of the situation.

For their part, both the Palestinian Authority and the countries in the region – led by Saudi Arabia and Iran – have condemned the police repression of the protests, and in particular the incidents at the Al-Aqsa Mosque, while Nations United has called for the parties to be contained to prevent a new escalation in the region.

However, the Israeli government responded quickly to the firing of grenades against Jerusalem by authorizing a bombing campaign against Gaza, which has killed more than 25 dead, including nine children, according to Gaza authorities.

Israel, which has stressed that it will not tolerate the firing of projectiles on its territory – which left at least two dead and eight wounded after several of them hit the cities of Ashdod and Ashdod (south) – has ruled out that for the time being Landfall, although the army has insisted it is not an option that is off the table.

The bombings were also sanctioned by an executive in office in the middle of talks between the parties to try to form a new government under the March legislations, which in turn left a fragmented Knesset with no clear majorities.

In this regard, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was forced to return the mandate to President Reuven Rivlin last week after failing to make an agreement in the 28 days that he reached an agreement after which it was turned over to opponent Yair Lapid, leader by Yesh Atid, who is caught up in a round of contacts to try to make his endeavors come true.

On the other hand, the clashes and riots have spread to other areas in the West Bank and Israel, with at least one Palestinian killed after he was shot in the Israeli city of Lod, as confirmed by authorities, who also alleged that a Der alleged Israeli was arrested after the incidents.

According to the newspaper “The Times of Israel”, the demonstrators carrying Palestinian flags and the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) attacked a school, a synagogue and several public buildings.

Rivlin called on the Arab-Israeli leaders during the Tuesday day to speak out against the violence. “We must not allow these situations to repeat themselves,” he said in a message to the President of the Arab Mayors’ Committee, Mudar Tunes.

“We must not become hostages to the murderous Hamas and Islamic Jihad terrorists who shoot Israeli citizens indiscriminately,” he said after the Israeli army denounced that Palestinian militias fired more than 300 projectiles at Israeli territory last day .

The clashes are the largest since Operation Protective Edge, launched by Israel between July and August 2014, following Operation Defensive Pillar, which took place for a week in November 2012.

Operation ‘Protective Edge’, in which 66 soldiers and five Israeli soldiers as well as more than 2,000 Palestinians, most of them civilians, were killed, was concluded with a ceasefire agreement signed with the mediation, according to the United Nations.

Israeli army chief Aviv Kohavi stressed Tuesday that the armed forces “will continue to act decisively to restore the security of the people of the south” and warned that it was necessary “to prepare without time for a wider conflict ” Border “.

The Israeli authorities have announced the mobilization of nearly 5,000 reservists and the dispatch of reinforcements to the Gaza border border, amid the possibility of land incursion, which is likely to lead to a renewed increase in fighting in the region.

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