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London, Paris and Berlin threaten to resort to the dispute resolution mechanism of the nuclear agreement with Iran

November 11, 2019
Bandera de Irán en Viena

Flag of Iran in Vienna – REUTERS / HEINZ-PETER BADER – Archive

BRUSSELS, 11 Nov. –

The foreign ministers of France, the United Kingdom and Germany have published a joint statement in which they warn Tehran that they could activate the dispute resolution mechanism provided for in the Comprehensive Joint Action Plan (PIAC), the 2015 nuclear agreement .

London, Paris and Berlin threaten to resort to the dispute resolution mechanism of the nuclear agreement with IranLondon, Paris and Berlin threaten to resort to the dispute resolution mechanism of the nuclear agreement with Iran

“We affirm our readiness to consider all the mechanisms of the PIAC, including the dispute resolution mechanism, to resolve issues related to the implementation of Iran's commitments within the PIAC. We are in contact with other participants in the PIAC,” they said. affirmed the three countries in the statement.

This dispute resolution mechanism could lead to the reimposition of the sanctions approved by the United Nations against the Islamic Republic.

The three countries have thus reacted to the publication of a report by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) confirming that Iran has begun to enrich uranium at the Fordow plant and certifies that enriched uranium reserves and purity to the Refining takes place above the terms set in the PIAC.

The three Western powers describe the resumption of enrichment in Fordow as “a regrettable acceleration of Iran's withdrawal from the commitments made at the PIAC.” In addition, they warn that this policy hinders their efforts to reduce tension in the region.

The 2015 nuclear agreement prohibits the use of nuclear material in Fordow and, with the injection of uranium gas into its centrifuges, the plant has abandoned its status as a research center to become an active nuclear facility.

The Islamic Republic agreed in 2015 to convert Fordow into a “nuclear, physical and technology center” in which 1,044 centrifuges would be used for purposes other than enrichment, such as the stable production of isotopes, which have a wide variety of civil uses.

In 2018, the president of the United States, Donald Trump, decided that his country would abandon the nuclear agreement signed in July 2015 and reactivated the sanctions against Tehran, especially against the oil sector.

After the United States left, the Islamic Republic called on the rest of the signatory countries to focus their efforts on ensuring compliance with the pact in relation to trade relations with Iran and subsequently announced that it would abandon the nuclear commitments envisaged in the pact when considering that the other parties did not cover the absence of the United States.

The nuclear agreement established that the level of purity to which Iran could enrich uranium would be a maximum of 3.67 percent, a percentage suitable for the production of energy for civil uses and far from the 90 percent needed to manufacture nuclear weapons. Iran denies that it is developing nuclear weapons.

The nuclear agreement, which involves the withdrawal of sanctions against Iran, was designed to increase the period of time that the Islamic Republic would need to accumulate enough fissile material to manufacture a nuclear bomb, going from two to three months to about a year for restrictions to its atomic program.

Iran, which continues to deny that it will manufacture nuclear bombs, has given another two months to the United Kingdom, France and Germany to maintain the agreement. Tehran has said it is open to dialogue if Washington withdraws all sanctions and re-enters the pact.

In this regard, he has insisted at all times that these breaches are contemplated by the 2015 agreement in case some of the parties cease to maintain their commitments and stressed that they are “reversible” if there is a response to their demands.

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