DUBAI, Nov. 6 (Reuters / EP) –
The Iranian authorities have started on Wednesday to inject gas into the centrifuges of the Fordow underground nuclear plant, a decision taken in the context of the progressive abandonment of the commitments contemplated in the nuclear agreement signed in 2015 with the 5 + 1 group (Russia , United States, China, France, United Kingdom and Germany), as reported by the Iranian state television network.
The 2015 nuclear agreement prohibits the use of nuclear material in Fordow and, with the injection of uranium gas into its centrifuges, the plant will abandon its status as a research center to become an active nuclear facility.
“With the presence of inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Iran has begun to inject gas into the Fordow centrifuges,” Iranian state television reported.
The Islamic Republic agreed in 2015 to convert Fordow into a “nuclear, physical and technology center” in which 1,044 centrifuges would be used for purposes other than enrichment, such as the stable production of isotopes, which have a wide variety of civil uses.
In 2018, the president of the United States, Donald Trump, decided that his country abandon the nuclear agreement signed in July 2015 and reactivated the sanctions against the Ayatollah regime, especially against the oil sector.
After the United States left, the Islamic Republic called on the rest of the signatory countries to focus their efforts on ensuring compliance with the pact in relation to trade relations with Iran and subsequently announced that it would abandon the nuclear commitments envisaged in the pact.
“Iran has taken the fourth step to reduce its commitments in the agreement in reaction to the increased pressure from the United States and the passivity of European signatories,” said the Iranian television network.
From Vienna, the IAEA has said that its inspectors are in Iranian territory and will report on the relevant activities of the atomic program of the Ayatollah regime. Iranian authorities have said Tuesday that Tehran will enrich uranium up to 5 percent in Fordow, which will complicate the options for maintaining the pact.
The nuclear agreement established that the level of purity to which Iran could enrich Urani would be a maximum of 3.67 percent, a percentage suitable for the production of energy for civilian uses and moving away from the 90 percent needed to make nuclear weapons. Iran denies that it is developing nuclear weapons.
On Monday, the Islamic Republic reported that it has accelerated the enrichment of uranium by doubling the number of advanced IR-6 centrifuges that it has operational, in addition to pointing out that it is working on a prototype called IR-9, which “works 50 times more prodium than the IR-1 “centrifuges.
The nuclear agreement, which involves the withdrawal of sanctions against Iran, was designed to increase the period of time that the Islamic Republic would need to accumulate enough fissile material to manufacture a nuclear bomb, going from two to three months to about a year by the restrictions to its atomic program.
Iran, which continues to deny that it will manufacture nuclear bombs, has given another two months to the United Kingdom, France and Germany to maintain the agreement. The Ayatollah regime has indicated that it is open to dialogue if Washington withdraws all sanctions and re-enters the pact.