Do you want to offer a healthy product that shows the best of Mexico and at the same time is different? This is a great option.
Chapulín can be purchased in the state of Oaxaca, Tlaxcala or Puebla at a price of $ 28 per kilogram; However, in Europe the kilogram is quoted up to $ 1,000. It is a product with high nutritional value; It is a source of protein and promotes both digestion and circulation. In addition, it is fashionable in gourmet, health food and organic stores.
The traditional capture of this insect is done by rural groups in the countryside, therefore, chapulines are exposed to insecticides harmful to health. Julieta Ramos Elorduy, entomologist and researcher at the Institute of Biology of the UNAM, created a farm of chapulines free of polluting substances.
Not only is it a business that can be very profitable. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), including insects as an important part of the human diet is essential when considering global food shortages. For its part, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) considers that by 2050 insects such as grasshoppers, worms and ants will be a fundamental part of the children's diet.
Insects are considered “superfood” because of their high protein content, low concentrations of harmful fats, good levels of iron, calcium, essential amino acids and complement B12. In addition, they are positioning themselves in the market as a real alternative to gluten-free products. What's more, cricket flour is a popular ingredient of the paleolithic diet.
In addition, according to Entofarms , producing 10 grams of cricket flour requires 12 times less resources than generating 10 grams of beef protein for human consumption.
How to do it?
An extension of approximately 500 square meters and an investment close to $ 3,000,000 are required to establish a farm producing chapulines; $ 2,000,000 for the acquisition of technology and intellectual capital; $ 1,000,000 as working capital. This is to make large-scale breeding, but you can start by making dishes with crickets that you buy at the Central de Abastos, Mercado de San Juan or in the typical trucks of Oaxaca products.
Chapulines feed on alfalfa, grass, etc., but you can start with small plots and then increase your production as your sales increase. Thus, you can start the production of chapulines in a controlled way and with high quality.
Not only can you sell chapulines in their lean form, you can also develop a line of own products made from these insects such as gorumet foods and even pet food supplements.
You can even access the programs of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA).
Market niches: sale of chapulines as raw material to companies dedicated to manufacturing food products; preparation of sauces, dressings and snacks from the chapulín.