Germany, France and the United Kingdom activate the dispute resolution mechanism for breaching Iran’s agreement

Hasán Rohani, presidente de Irán

Hasan Rohani, President of Iran – – / Iranian Presidency / dpa

Borrell, who will oversee this phase, relies on the “good faith” of all parties to preserve the commitments


Germany, France and the United Kingdom have decided on Tuesday to take Iran to the dispute resolution mechanism contemplated in the nuclear agreement before the breach of it by Tehran and after being “without another option”, as they have maintained in a joint statement Your foreign ministers.

Germany, France and the United Kingdom activate the dispute resolution mechanism for breaching Iran’s agreement
Germany, France and the United Kingdom activate the dispute resolution mechanism for breaching Iran’s agreement

The three European countries that signed the 2015 agreement have maintained their adherence to it and regretted that their efforts to “Iran change its course”, after announcing last May that it would cease to respect some of the restrictions imposed by it in exchange for the lifting of sanctions, they have been in vain.

“Iran has continued to violate the key restrictions set by the nuclear agreement,” said Heiko Maas, Jean-Yves Le Drian and Dominic Raab, who have also reiterated their regret over the U.S. decision to unilaterally abandon the pact in May 2018. .

According to the three ministers, “there are no legal reasons” to support the cessation of compliance with the agreement by Iran, as argued by Tehran. Although in December they warned the Iranian government that “unless they backed down” they would have no “choice” other than to resort to the dispute resolution mechanism, Iran not only has not done so but has chosen to give the fifth and last step regarding the enrichment limits set by the pact.

“Therefore, we have run out of another option, given the actions of Iran, that today record our concerns that Iran is not fulfilling its commitments under the agreement and refer this matter to the joint commission under the dispute resolution mechanism “, they have announced. The measure could ultimately lead to the reintroduction of the sanctions that were suspended to Iran under the agreement.


“We do this in good faith with the ultimate goal of preserving the nuclear agreement and with the sincere hope of finding a way out to resolve the tax and continue within its framework,” said Maas, Le Drian and Raab.

“Our three countries are not joining a campaign to put Iran under maximum pressure,” he said, referring to the policy maintained by the United States since leaving the pact, but “our hope is to return Iran to full compliance. of your commitments. ”

After reiterating the commitment of the three countries to the nuclear agreement and their “determination to work with all participants to preserve it,” they have argued that “given recent events, it is of the utmost importance that we do not add a nuclear proliferation crisis to the current escalation that threatens the entire region. ”


The EU High Foreign Policy Representative, Josep Borrell, has confirmed the receipt of a letter sent by the heads of diplomacy from Germany, France and the United Kingdom and in which they raise their doubts about the implementation of the agreement, including the activation of the dispute resolution mechanism.

Borrell, in charge of “supervising” the implementation of this process, has noted the desire of the three European governments to “preserve” the nuclear agreement and the “sincere hope” of finding a way out through the “constructive diplomatic dialogue” .

In this regard, he stressed that the mechanism requires “intense efforts in good faith” from all parties. “As a coordinator, I hope that all participants face this process in this spirit,” Borrell said in a statement from his office.

The head of European diplomacy has pointed out that the 2015 agreement was due at the time “a significant achievement of multilateral diplomacy sustained during years of negotiations”. Saving him, he added, “is now more important than ever,” in view of the “dangerous escalation” of tensions in the Middle East following the crossing of attacks between Washington and Tehran.

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