At Morros dos Martins beach, about 80 miles northwest of Natal, Damiao Henrique, 70, plugged electric cables to a pump so he could water his bean plants. A fisherman and farmer, he was removed from his old strip of land and sent a few yards closer to the shore to allow space for a wind farm.
“But I am O.K.,” he said. “As compensation, I received energy from the company, and now I can water my beans more easily.”
Other local residents said the promised benefits had not appeared.
“The mayor said there would be schools,” said Maria Venus, 47, who owns a grocery store in Morros dos Martins. “They opened a music school for the community, gave us some guitars and after a year all was put on hold.”
And then there is the noise.
“Oh yes,” she added, “they also left this noise that never stops.”