Exclusive – Addicts ‘bluetoothing’ each other’s blood

Sky’s Africa correspondent John Sparks has witnessed the practice of “bluetoothing” – withdrawing blood after a hit and injecting it into a second person.

Addicts are taking nyaope (pronounced un-yop-pay), a cocktail of heroin, antiretroviral drugs and even crushed glass and rat poison, by injecting it, pulling blood back out, and taking it themselves.

The addicts reinject the blood of someone who's taken a hit into their own arm
Image:The addicts reinject the blood of someone who’s just taken a hit

They head to the dump when the sun comes up and talk about their aching joints, the vomiting and the way their stomachs buckle and cramp.

Exclusive – Addicts ‘bluetoothing’ each other’s blood
Exclusive – Addicts ‘bluetoothing’ each other’s blood

If they have the money for a fix, they will buy a wax paper packet from one of the dealers and sprinkle its contents into a marijuana cigarette – or simply find a place else to inject it.

Nyaope users gather in a rubbish dump
Image:Nyaope users gather in a rubbish dump
Addicts end up in a zombie-like state after taking the cocktail of substances
Image:Addicts end up in a zombie-like state

“This is how much I need a fix in the morning, every day, every day, it’s trouble,” says a battered-looking man called Jesus.

Relief comes quickly in a slum called Diepsloot, as the drug they call nyaope starts to enter the blood stream.

It is a cocktail of heroin and other ingredients such as antiretroviral drugs, cleaning detergents and crushed glass and it has a near-instantaneous effect.

Diepsloot slum is on the edge of on the edge of Johannesburg
Image:Diepsloot slum is on the edge of Johannesburg

We watched a group of zombie-like figures involuntarily sway and stagger around this pockmarked place on the edge of Johannesburg.

But the high does not last for long: “Maybe an hour or two,” said Jesus. “Sometimes less than an hour.”

Bluetooth heroin drugs


Video:Sharing blood to get high: New drug craze

There are not many health workers and counsellors who work here – but there is a social worker deployed by the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (SANCA).

Mary Mashapa estimates that one person in every five in this community uses nyaope – and she says they will try anything to get a fix.

Thabo admits he steals to fund his habit
Image:Thabo admits he steals to fund his habit

“It is very addictive. It is very, very addictive, I must say. They are chasing the very same high they got the first time and they can never get to that,” she said.

But that does not stop the addicts in this township from experimenting in dangerous new ways with nyaope.

An articulate young man called Thabo told us drug users have started to sell – or share – their blood with other addicts in Dieplsoot. The practice is known locally as ‘bluetooth’.

Thabo, a former debt collector, offered to show us how it is done in a tidy-looking shack in “extension one”.

The users hope to get some of the effect of the drugs from another's blood
Image:The users hope to get some of nyaope’s effect from another person’s blood
Thabo went into a shack to 'bluetooth' with his friend
Image:Thabo went into a shack to ‘bluetooth’ with his friend

Thabo inserted nyaope into the vein of his friend Bennet, then immediately withdrew a small amount of his friend’s blood which he re-injected into his arm. “I’ve just bluetoothed, eh,” said Thabo with a look of relief on his face.

“I gave my friend a hit and took one from his blood, you know, shack in “extension one”.

What about your health, HIV, what about sharing needles? I asked.

“I’ll cross that bridge when I get there,” he replied.

Ms Marshapa says the practice is highly risky: “Exchanging blood without screening it, without knowing whether people are carrying disease – it’s just not safe.”

Mary Mashapa believes one in five in the area are taking the drug
Image:Social worker Mary Mashapa believes one in five are taking the drug

One addiction researcher in South Africa has suggested the practice may be pointless.

Shaun Shelly argues that once nyaope is diffused into the bloodstream it loses its potency – its ability to generate a high for those seeking to reinject it.

The government’s Central Drug Authority, which is charged with fighting substance abuse across the country, has very little to say.

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It told us their researchers do not have any information on nyaope, nyaope users – or bluetooth.

“We do not collect any statistics on it,” said its public health spokesman, Professor Kebogile Mokwena.

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