The former opposition agreed to function as a single block in Parliament to facilitate governance
MADRID, 2 Feb. –
This Saturday the National Encounter for the Unity of Bolivia was held, an appointment in which the political rivals of the Movement To Socialism of former President Evo Morales have tried unsuccessfully to forge a single block with a view to the elections on May 3.
The only agreement reached is that the representatives of the formations contrary to Morales meet again within two months to evaluate the progress of the electoral campaign.
The appointment was convened by the Pro Santa Cruz Committee, the civic group behind the protests that culminated in Evo Morales's departure from power on November 10 following police and army pressures. After the meeting, a five-point agreement was presented that included the commitment not to make dirty war and seal agreements to ensure the governance of alliances that achieve representativeness in the Assembly.
At the meeting were Jorge 'Tuto' Quiroga for the Free Alliance 21; Carlos Mesa and Gustavo Pedraza, from the Citizen Community (CC); Luis Fernando Camacho and Marco Pumari, of Creemos; Chi Hyun Chung, from the Front for Victory (FPV), and Jeanine Añez with Samuel Doria Medina, from Juntos.
Quioroga, candidate of Libre 21, said that the meeting serves “to recover democracy”, but that the priority of the next government should be the economy. “I agree that we generate unity in relation to the proposals, (but) begin to unite by slogan or based on interests … for that I am not; I say one thing and keep it (…). The year The last time was to recover democracy, now it's time to recover the economy and I'm the only one with a proposal, “he said.
In the case of Mesa, he said he was going to the meeting “to see if you can find the answers that the country asks for” and added that agreeing on a block would not be easy. “We will listen to what the committee raises, the approaches of the other candidates. We must not rule out anything. It is not an easy matter. There is no logic in saying that this is automatic, but we will make the best efforts,” he said. .
Once the meeting began, Áñez, self-proclaimed president of the country after Morales's resignation, confessed to having felt “used” during the transition of government and even declared herself offended with the comments that she was “pushed” to present her candidacy in the elections .
FIVE POINTS AGREEMENT
After six hours of meeting, the candidates agreed to sign a five-point agreement, among which it is established to organize a second meeting within two months. The first point of the agreement provides that organizations and alliances “undertake to ensure that tyranny and dictatorship will not re-govern Bolivia,” in reference to the Evo Morales MAS.
Secondly, the document establishes that political fronts, “in order to ensure the country's governance and recover full democracy,” undertake to promote a “parliamentary consensus” that guarantees peaceful management. The third agreement states that organizations and alliances will carry out “a clean, peaceful and tolerant electoral campaign”.
The fronts that participate in the May elections also committed themselves as a fourth point to be transparent with the resources that will be used in their electoral campaigns. Finally, the candidates agreed that within two months, on Friday, April 3, they will meet again “to assess the development of the campaign and avoid the dispersion of the vote.”
The presidential candidate for the Alliance We believe, Luis Fernando Camacho, and the Government Minister, Arturo Murillo, starred in a confrontation during the appointment. Camacho, former leader of the Pro Santa Cruz Committee, accused Murillo of pressuring the persecuted politicians not to support his candidacy.
“Madam President (…), you should not be aware that your Government, through Minister Murillo, pressures our prisoners and persecuted politicians to not support Camacho because of his pending trials,” Camacho said.
Murillo responded by referring to Mario Cossío and Manfred Reyes Villa. “I will look into my eyes at my two friends (Cossío and Reyes Villa) and I will invite them to tell me when I have threatened them … I have, Mr. Camacho, suffered political persecution, defended myself against 17 trials, and when the dictator escaped, he ordered to kill my family, “he said.
The accusations continued after the meeting through messages on the networks. “Desmiento cowardly accusation, I ask Mario Cossío and Manfred Reyes Villa say if they were ever pressured. I do not record, I do not extort,” Murillo posted on Twitter in reference to the recent leaks that confronted him with Pumari, now a vice president candidate in his formula.
Camacho turned to his Facebook account to ensure that he will eliminate the “corrupt system that responds to the interests of the usual politicians.” “Yesterday was Romero, today is Murillo. If we do not renew the State now, we will continue to be victims of the same abuse as usual. If we do not cut the problem at the root, none of the other proposals will work,” he argued.
PACT FOR THE ELECTIONS
Evo Morales resigned on November 10 in the midst of a wave of protests after the Organization of American States (OAS) noted “irregularities” in the presidential elections of October 20 in which he obtained his re-election. After her resignation, under pressure from the Army, Senator Jeanine Áñez declared herself president.
After the crisis, Bolivian political parties, including the MAS, agreed to hold general elections on May 3 to restore constitutional legality. Evo Morales will not be able to attend as a candidate, but he exercises the leadership of the party and is head of the campaign since his exile in Argentina.