On July 11, 1995, the largest massacre on European soil since the Second World War began in the municipality of Srebrenica in Bosnia and Herzegovina: the execution of more than 8,300 Bosnian or Bosnian Muslim civilians. Men and boys from the hands of the so-called Republika Srpska, the Serbian unity in Bosnia, emerged from the complex reality of the Yugoslav wars.
The Srebrenica massacre was both an atrocity and an absolute failure of the international community. In a commemorative message this week, UN Secretary-General António Guterres admitted without question that both the United Nations and the international community “failed the people of Srebrenica”.
“As former Secretary General Kofi Annan said, this failure will haunt us forever,” added Guterres, what the European Commission called “an open wound in the heart of Europe” this week.
The former German ambassador to Montenegro, Gudrun Steinacker, also sees it as “Europe’s failure” and generally as the culmination of “four years of war and ethnic cleansing, concentration camps, mass displacement and collective rape” in Bosnia-Herzegovina, “which could have led to prevent what happened, “he explains to Deutsche Welle.