The Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi this Thursday in front of the UN General Assembly called for a “reflection” on the future of international missions after the withdrawal from Afghanistan and at the same time called for other crises not to “distract” the international community from the “instability” of the Mediterranean .
“The crisis in Afghanistan and, in particular, its rapid worsening after the withdrawal requires a reflection on the future of international missions,” stressed Draghi, who pointed out that Italy had decided to channel the resources previously provided into the training of troops for “humanitarian purposes “.
On mission reconsideration, he stressed the need to ask “what are the goals” and “how can they best be pursued”, although he stressed that “international interventions” are “essential tools in support of peace.” and security “.
With regard to the Central Asian country, he also reiterated the need to defend human rights and regretted that the country’s government “does not live up to the expectations” of inclusion and in the face of which it has asked the Taliban to “commit to action.” “.
“The humanitarian situation in Afghanistan is undoubtedly the most urgent and common concern, especially with the approaching winter,” he said, referring to the humanitarian crisis in the country. In that regard, he has relied on the United Nations to “coordinate” a “swift and coherent” response.
He also warned of the “threat” posed by the presence of groups affiliated with al-Qaeda and the Islamic State, and urged the international community to cooperate “effectively”, particularly “through the exchange of intelligence”.
“Italy has long been involved in the fight against terrorism at the international level. We must combine our security goals with prevention, the protection of human rights and respect for the rule of law. Likewise, we need to address both economic and economic causes that lead to radicalization and violent extremism, “he added.
On the other hand, Draghi has “with conviction” affirmed Italy’s involvement in the United Nations, claiming that it is the “largest contributor” of “blue helmets” among Western countries. With this in mind, he called on the European Union to “strengthen its role” in this area.
In other respects, he claimed that crises in regions such as Asia do not “distract” the Community from the “instability” that continues to affect the Mediterranean in general.
In this context, the Italian Prime Minister referred to Libya, a country for which he has called for a “sustainable and integrative solution” and for which he stressed that it was a priority to “renew its national institutional framework”, a “uniform, without external interference and under the protection of the UN ”.
“The international community must work with Libyan institutions and the Libyan people to break the current stalemate.
Despite this critical point in time, we must ensure that the
He also referred to the Libyan migration crisis, for which he called for a “common response” from the international community. “We must fight human trafficking effectively, ensure regular international mobility and protect people’s lives,” he appealed, pointing out the need for a “fair distribution of duties and responsibilities”.
On this issue, he called on the EU and its members to strengthen “the dialogue” on migration issues with the countries of origin and transit countries of migrants so that, in his opinion, they can “assume joint responsibility for managing flows”. .
Draghi, on the other hand, has expressed support for “consensual reform” of the Security Council to “strengthen regional representation and ensure a fairer geographical distribution of posts by increasing the number of elected members”.
“Our aim is to make the Council more representative, more democratic, more efficient, more transparent and more accountable. The answer to the challenges we face – pandemic, climate change and international crises – lies in effective multilateralism based on inclusive and open dialogue, ”he emphasized.
Regarding the pandemic, he criticized “the dramatic differences” in vaccine distribution, claiming these “inequalities” were “morally unacceptable”. “We need to increase the availability of vaccines to poor countries and overcome logistical barriers to get them where they are most needed,” he said.
“We must also maintain the free movement of vaccines and raw materials necessary to manufacture them around the world,” he added, emphasizing Italy’s intention to increase donations to the COVAX mechanism from 15 to 45 million doses by the end of 2021 triple.
The Italian Prime Minister, on the other hand, has pointed out that the G20, with the presidency of his country, is promoting economic measures to help the “most fragile countries in the world” overcome the consequences of the pandemic.
In this context, he recalled that the Community must “be ready” for an “even more ambitious” action in support of the poorest countries, especially in Africa: “We must increase investment so that African youth can fully participate in their social Development can participate., Economy and Politics “.
Finally, Draghi has assured that one of the “emergencies” his country is prioritizing is climate change, which is why he has placed it at the “center” of the agenda of the Italian G20 presidency.