The instability of the past decade, which began with the so-called “Arab Spring”, together with the outbreak of various civil wars, the increase in jihadist activities in some regions of the world and the systematic persecution of certain groups and individuals has led to the number of refugees increasing has doubled in the past ten years and there is no sign that the number will decrease again.
In 2010, there were approximately 10 million refugees worldwide, a number that stood at 20.4 million at the end of 2019, without the 5.6 million Palestinian refugees or 4.5 million Venezuelans who had left their country at the end of last year, such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said in its latest report on “Global Trends”.
Without a doubt, Syria has been the main source of refugees in the past decade. The ongoing war in this country has caused the exodus of 6.6 million people, almost half of whom live in neighboring Turkey (3.6 million), while a large number of the rest have sought refuge in Lebanon. Jordan and Egypt. In addition, another 6 million Syrians were displaced in their country.
To counter this increase in the number of refugees in the Middle East, Iraqi refugees rose from 1.6 million to 63,000 as the country’s war forced them to leave Syria and return to Iraq or seek asylum further away Countries.