The number of people forced to leave their homes due to conflict, violence or natural disasters continues to grow, reaching in 2019 according to the Observatory’s latest report of 50.8 million worldwide Internal Displacement (IDMC), part of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is.
In particular, it is estimated that as a result of the conflicts and violence, 45.7 million displaced people have lived in 61 countries, including Syria, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Yemen and Afghanistan, various types of competitions for several years and even decades.
In addition, 5.1 million people had to leave their homes due to natural disasters in 95 countries, including 1.2 million people displaced in Afghanistan after years of drought and flooding, more than 500,000 due to monsoon rains. in India and more than 33,000 people in Haiti, a decade after the devastating 2010 earthquake.
According to the study, 33.4 million new displaced persons were registered in 2019, the highest number since 2012. Of these displacements, 8.5 million occurred in connection with conflicts and violence in countries such as Syria (1.85 million) or DRC (1 , 67 million), but also in Ethiopia (1 million) and Burkina Faso (513,000).