MADRID, 30 Jan. –
After two and a half years of negotiations, the United Kingdom will leave the EU at zero hours on 1 February (European Central Time) but for now the only tangible effect is that London will leave the community institutions because, thanks to Brexit occurs with agreement, now a transition period begins that will last until December 31, 2020 and during which the country will continue to apply community standards.
Thus, during all 2020 the Spaniards will be able to travel to the United Kingdom with their ID and without a passport, use their mobile with the same roaming conditions and use the Spanish driving license there. Nor will there be trade barriers for exporting or importing companies, the European fleet will be able to continue fishing in British waters and the United Kingdom will continue to participate in the Erasmus + program until December 31, 2020, the British Embassy explained.
Of course, what happens in the future, both on Erasmus and on roaming or commerce or fishing, depends, like many other things, on the future relationship that Brussels and London negotiate during the coming months.
During the transition period, EU citizens in the United Kingdom and Britons in community territory will continue to enjoy the same rights as until now, but they all have to register in order to keep them in the future.
In the case of the United Kingdom, Europeans who settle there before December 31, 2020 will enjoy the same conditions as those who are there today. The deadline to register ends June 30, 2021. Those who have been in permanent residence for five years will receive the status of a resident (or permanent residence); those who have been less than five years old will receive pre-settled status (or semi-permanent residence) and may apply for the status of settled when they turn five.
The date of December 31, 2020 is also important for family reunification. Spouses, unmarried partners, children or grandchildren (under 21 or over 21 years of age but dependent) and dependent parents or grandparents of the EU citizen may enter and reside in the United Kingdom at any time after Brexit.
For this, the relationship must exist before December 31, 2020 and at the time of entry into the United Kingdom (except future children who may enter the country at any time). All other family members may only request pre-settled status if they reside in the United Kingdom before December 31, 2020.
More than 170,000 Spaniards have already registered, among the 2.45 million citizens of EU countries that have already received settlement or pre-settled status. The British Government will announce throughout this year what will be the requirements for those Spaniards who want to live in the United Kingdom from 2021.
On the other hand, the rates for those Spaniards who begin a career or university studies in the United Kingdom before December 31, 2020 will remain as until now for the entire duration of their studies. However, they must also request the status of settled or pre-settled if they intend to continue studying or work after December 31.
In addition, the DNI will be able to continue to be used to travel between Spain and the United Kingdom throughout 2020 and changes from 2021 will be notified in sufficient time. Spaniards who are registered as residents of the United Kingdom may continue to use their ID at least until 2025.
With regard to health care, the right of EU citizens to continue receiving health care in the United Kingdom is maintained under the same conditions as the current ones until December 31, 2020. Community citizens residing in the United Kingdom must give themselves high in the British health system, the NHS.
Tourists will be able to continue using their European health card when traveling to the United Kingdom, which will continue to be valid until December 31, 2020, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, EU and Spanish Cooperation explained.
With regard to the recognition of professional qualifications, EU citizens, whether they are residents of the United Kingdom or cross-border workers, will continue to apply the regime derived from European Union law until December 31, 2020. So that their Professional qualification be recognized after the transitional period, they must request recognition before December 31, 2020.