Burundi has demanded restitution of US $ 43 billion from Belgium and Germany for the crimes committed during the colonial occupation, as well as the return of the documents and objects removed from the country.
This was announced on Thursday by Senate President Reverien Ndikuriyo, according to the Bloomberg news agency, as part of similar movements in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or Namibia.
In 2018, the Senate set up a commission made up of anthropologists and historians to determine the effects of colonialism in Burundi. According to Aloys Batungwanayo of the University of Lausanne, most of the country’s political challenges stem from the ethnic division of King Albert I of Belgium.
“It was this decree (which divided the population into three ethnic groups) that sparked conflict in Burundi and the region because some people were excluded from the ruling class,” Batungwanayo told Bloomberg.