The European Commission launched infringement proceedings against Spain this Thursday for not fully implementing EU counter-terrorism rules, which allow the prosecution of crimes such as terrorist financing, training or foreign travel.
Brussels sees this rule as a key element of the EU’s agreed “roadmap” to move forward in the common fight against terrorism and stresses that Member States had until September 2018 to transpose the directive into national law.
The opening of the file takes the form of a reasoned letter informing the national authorities of the problems and giving them two months to act and correct the situation.
These procedures provide for a second phase of dialogue if the conflict is not resolved in this first phase, and finally the Community Executive could refer the cases to the Court of Justice of the European Union.
In addition to Spain, Brussels has acted in the same way against the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Greece and Lithuania, which are also criticized for not correctly implementing certain provisions of the common law.
The Directive criminalizes and punishes terrorism-related offenses, such as traveling abroad to commit terrorist offenses, returning to the EU or traveling within the EU to carry out such activities, take part in training for terrorist purposes or finance terrorism.
It also provides specific provisions for victims of terrorism to ensure that they have access to reliable information and professional and specialized support services immediately after an attack and for as long as necessary.