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Blockchain could be a useful cryptographic tool for nuclear disarmament

November 2, 2020

Researchers at the Center for Science and Safety Studies at King’s College London have addressed this Analysis of “non-political” solutions to the problem of nuclear disarmament.

The researchers’ new report finds that The multilateral nuclear order, consolidated under the United Nations Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), was constantly affected by problems of international cooperation, which were exacerbated by the asymmetry between nuclear and non-nuclear states.

The latter known as NNWSare signatories of the contract, Unless they are nuclear, their contribution to fulfilling contractual obligations is reduced to the development of instruments and processes that can help improve the multilateral review of disarmament.

Blockchain could be a useful cryptographic tool for nuclear disarmament
Blockchain could be a useful cryptographic tool for nuclear disarmament

But still, NNWS often lacks the technical capacity to make a meaningful contribution to such effortsdetermine the researchers. These deficiencies allegedly exacerbate the perception among both nuclear and non-nuclear countries that the NPT is threatened by the lack of a robust multilateral process to review nuclear disarmament. In addition, the report adds: It remains difficult to build mutual trust that all parties to the NPT are meeting their non-proliferation obligations in practice.

From the point of view of the authors of the report, this is where blockchain technology comes into play. Extrapolating your first observations, The report suggests that these “complex and interrelated challenges” can be productively addressed using a technical and operational approach::

“As you can [los responsables de la toma de decisiones] Promote the multilateral review of nuclear disarmament while ensuring that highly sensitive data is managed securely and reliably? “

A data-aware and process-oriented approach corresponds to the explicit priorities of the report and builds on the authors’ observation that many of the active non-proliferation efforts in recent years have taken “a technical and operational approach” rather than a political one. ” Here, The authors refer to the International Association for the Review of Nuclear Disarmament and the Quad Initiative of Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States.

After affirming the importance of technical solutions, the researchers argue that Blockchain technology could benefit verification processes by providing a practically unchangeable encrypted data set that can serve as a “chain of custody” for “contractual items”.

Furthermore, Blockchain could also fix the trust problemWhile states have a common interest in reducing nuclear risk, they often lack trust in one another, which prevents full cooperation. In this case, The use of technology could apparently alleviate this lack of trust by “allowing third parties to verify the integrity of the verification data” [del desarme]””without these parties being able to see the highly sensitive data themselves.

The report also sees potential in smart contractsand notes that blockchain technology, combined with self-enforcing algorithmic contracts, can provide a secure base layer for the private Internet of Things infrastructure. Combination of environmental sensors and monitors. Apparently this could be implemented to perform real-time verification at remote locations to automatically alert the parties to possible breaches of the contract. You conclude from this:

“Blockchain could serve as a crypto repository for national statements in disarmament processes and enable the parties to disclose sensitive data in parallel to political and strategic developments.”

The researchers admit that the question of whether blockchain can really help achieve non-proliferation goals depends entirely on the high-level political goals of states and how those goals are pursued. So, The report refrains from promoting blockchain as the absolute cure for one of the most pressing geopolitical problems of modern times.