The African Union (AU) announced on Wednesday the suspension of Mali in response to the new military coup by former head of the junta and new president, Colonel Assimo Goita.
In a statement, the agency stated that the decision was taken in the light of the decision of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to suspend the country as well, as well as the “deep concern about the development of the situation and” its negative impact on progress made so far in the transformation process. “
The AU “supports ECOWAS decisions” and “condemns and rejects coups d’état and unconstitutional changes in the strongest possible terms” in Mali and has decided to “immediately suspend Mali from participating in all activities of the African Union, its organs and institutions”. .
The suspension will remain in place until “constitutional order is restored,” in exchange for which the AU has called on the armed forces to end hostilities and lift restrictions on political agents.
They also called for the release of the president and interim Prime Ministers Bah Ndaw and Moctar Ouane, who are “under house arrest” after leaving the Kati military base on Thursday; Compliance with the agreed transition period; and that the President, Vice-President and Prime Minister “are not candidates for the next presidential election”.
These are the same requirements of ECOWAS, to which a note is added that “the Council will not hesitate to impose specific sanctions and other punitive measures against any saboteur of the current transition”, as well as the support of other international organizations such as the Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission United Nations in Mali (MINUSMA).
On Tuesday, MINUSMA reported attacks with weapons against its facilities by unknown attackers who caused neither victims nor property damage.
According to UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric, UN employees reacted with “retaliatory measures” and forced the attackers to flee.
After this announcement, the UN supported the decision and demands of ECOWAS. “We will continue to give steadfast support to the people of Mali while continuing their efforts to combat insecurity,” they said from the UN.
The Malian Constitutional Court ratified Assimi Goita as the new interim president on Friday, days after President and Prime Minister Bah Ndaw and Moctar Ouane resigned under pressure from the army.
The trigger for the new crisis was Ouane’s recent resignation amid renewed opposition protests, after which Ndaw had reappointed him. On May 24, for example, he revealed the composition of the new government, with the military in the main departments, but without important personalities on the executive board.
After his arrest, Goita proceeded to be released a day later, arguing that the announcement by the new executive “presupposes an obvious will on the part of the transitional president and prime minister to address a violation of the transitional gazette, contrary to the oath they took during the term of office “. her investiture of September 25, 2020 “.